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an·ti·ven·in(an'tē-ven'in), Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation antivenom.
An antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom.
[anti- + L. venenum, poison]
antivenin, antivenene, antivenom (ant″i-ven′ĭn) (ant″ve″nēn′) (ant″ven′ŏm) [ anti- + venin, venom]
A serum that contains antitoxin specific for an animal or insect venom. Antivenin is prepared from the sera of immunized animals.
Antivenins are foreign proteins that often induce allergic reactions in patients who receive them. The likelihood of allergic reactions is reduced by prior administration of epinephrine.
black widow spider antivenin
Antitoxic serum obtained from horses immunized against the venom of the black widow spider (Latrodectus mactans) and used specifically to treat bites of the black widow spider. The serum is available from Merck Co., Inc., West Point, PA 19486.
(Crotalidae) polyvalent antivenin
Anti-snakebite serum obtained from serum of horses immunized against venom of four types of pit vipers of the family Crotalidae: Crotalus atrox, C. adamanteus, C. terrificus, and Bothrops atrox .
antiveneneAn ANTISERUM containing specific antibodies to the venom of poisonous snakes, scorpions or spiders.
a material used to neutralize the venom of a poisonous animal. Prepared by immunization of serum-producing animals, usually horses. Antivenins against the venoms of most poisonous snakes, spiders and stinging fish and other aquatic species are available, but only in those areas in which the poisonous species occurs.