The dried herb is a remedy for a number of ailments related to digestion, hepatoprotection, vermicidal, antiacne, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antityphoid
, antibiotic activities, hypoglycemic, besides immune enhancement (Saxena et al.
agglutinins in African school aged children with malaria.
Out of this conflict came significant reforms and research, including a nurse corps, a medical reserve corps, antityphoid
vaccination, a new sanitation curriculum for officers, stockpiled medical supplies, and groundbreaking research on the epidemiology of typhoid fever and yellow fever.
The last two decades have seen the emergence and spread of multidrug resistance against the conventional antityphoid
drugs (chloramphenicol, co-trimoxazole, and ampicillin) among the typhoid salmonellae, especially in South and Southeast Asia, including Pakistan.