antiretroviral

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antiretroviral

 [an″te-, an″ti-ret´ro-vi″ral]
1. effective against retroviruses.
2. an agent with this quality.

antiretroviral

/an·ti·ret·ro·vi·ral/ (-ret´ro-vi″ral) effective against retroviruses, or an agent with this quality.

antiretroviral

(ăn′tē-rĕt′rō-vī′rəl, ăn′tī-)
adj.
Destroying or inhibiting the replication of retroviruses.
n.
An antiretroviral drug.

antiretroviral

[an′te-, an′ti-ret′ro-vi′ral]
1 effective against retroviruses.
2 a substance or drug that stops or suppresses the activity of retroviruses such as HIV.

antiretroviral

Virology adjective Referring to an agent or effect that counters a retrovirus noun A drug that counters or acts against a retrovirus, usually understood to be HIV; FDA-approved antiretrovirals include reverse transcriptase inhibitors, nucleoside analogues and protease inhibitors See Antiretroviral, Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor.
References in periodicals archive ?
To determine the current magnitude of that problem, researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta estimated how many people nationwide are receiving antiretroviral drugs and how many others could benefit from them.
An improvement in liver histology may increase the capacity to tolerate antiretroviral agents, prophylactic drugs, medications used to treat other co-morbid conditions, and complications of antiretroviral therapy.
Fixed dose combination drugs (FDCs) have revolutionized antiretroviral therapy in the developing world and brought treatment to millions," said Professor Sir Richard G.
Treatment barriers reported most often were concerns about antiretroviral side effects (77%), the mistaken belief that HIV can be controlled by a healthy attitude (58%), concerns about the ability to take antiretrovirals regularly (55%), depression (47%), and provider saying therapy is not necessary (47%) (Figure 2).
Some of the patients in the trials already had cross resistance to Prezista when the trial began (due to their extensive resistance to other protease inhibitors), and it got worse on the average, as they used the drug--showing the importance of having more than one active antiretroviral, instead of introducing new drugs one by one as they become available, and then often losing them to resistance.
Because of these limitations, HIV researchers are exploring alternative treatment strategies, such as "structured treatment interruptions" (STIs), by using a variety of dosing schedules, antiretroviral regimens, and patient populations.
The efficacy, safety and resistance profile of Viread/Emtriva/Sustiva in this study underscores the importance of this treatment option for antiretroviral therapy-naove patients," said lead author Anton Pozniak, MD, of the Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London.
new antiretrovirals and new strategies show that high proportions of trial participants now regularly reach an undetectable viral load.
Some progress has been made, as AIDS and other service and legal organizations repeatedly show the insurance companies running the Part D plans that requiring prior authorization for certain drugs including all antiretrovirals (except Fuzeon when patients start it) is against the federal Medicare policy the companies accepted when they offered their plans, and is probably illegal.
Patients do not adhere to antiretrovirals for a number of reasons including negligence, forgetfulness, and intolerance of side effects; but in the end, the reason for failure, more often than not, is resistance.
In March 2005, Aspen announced it had been granted the lions share of the South African governments antiretroviral tender.
Most people in both groups (85% or more) had taken their antiretrovirals for the past 7 days.