antiretroviral


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Related to antiretroviral: Antiretroviral drugs

antiretroviral

 [an″te-, an″ti-ret´ro-vi″ral]
1. effective against retroviruses.
2. an agent with this quality.

antiretroviral

/an·ti·ret·ro·vi·ral/ (-ret´ro-vi″ral) effective against retroviruses, or an agent with this quality.

antiretroviral

(ăn′tē-rĕt′rō-vī′rəl, ăn′tī-)
adj.
Destroying or inhibiting the replication of retroviruses.
n.
An antiretroviral drug.

antiretroviral

[an′te-, an′ti-ret′ro-vi′ral]
1 effective against retroviruses.
2 a substance or drug that stops or suppresses the activity of retroviruses such as HIV.

antiretroviral

Virology adjective Referring to an agent or effect that counters a retrovirus noun A drug that counters or acts against a retrovirus, usually understood to be HIV; FDA-approved antiretrovirals include reverse transcriptase inhibitors, nucleoside analogues and protease inhibitors See Antiretroviral, Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor.
References in periodicals archive ?
5) Typically, an antiretroviral regimen is changed only after it fails.
Antiretroviral therapies now combine multiple individual drugs to reduce the amount of virus in a person's body.
The researchers divided study participants into three groups, depending on when they started antiretroviral therapy:
The research team then used accepted statistical methods to learn three things: (1) individual factors linked to having a viral load rebound, (2) viral rebound rate according to several key factors including age, year starting antiretroviral therapy, and time since starting antiretroviral therapy, and (3) probability of viral rebound from year to year in a 35-year-old man who started antiretroviral therapy after 2008.
The total cost of home-based testing and initiation of antiretroviral treatment was US$20,005, or US$172 per participant who initiated home care.
The new WHO guidelines also recommend providing antiretroviral therapy to all children younger than 5, all pregnant and breastfeeding women with HIV, and all HIV-positive patients with partners who are not infected, regardless of a person's T-cell count.
In Namibia, which has an 18% adult HIV prevalence rate, antiretroviral treatment is free of charge at public-sector clinics.
It is interesting to note that while early initiation of antiretroviral therapy was prominent on the programmes of all the international conferences last year, arguments against early initiation were distinctly lacking.
20 Gardner LI, Holmberg SD, Moore J, Use of highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected women: impact of HIV specialist core.
Antiretroviral concentrations in breast-feeding infants of women in Botswana receiving antiretroviral treatment.
Antiretroviral therapy with efavirenz, zidovudine, and lamivudine was initiated at the correctional facility to treat his primary HIV infection.
Earlier this year, UNICEF estimated that no more than 25,000 of these children (about 1%) currently receive antiretroviral treatment.