antimony


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Related to antimony: antimony poisoning

antimony

 (Sb) [an´tĭ-mo″ne]
a chemical element, atomic number 51, atomic weight 121.75. (See Appendix 6.) Several of its salts are used in tropical medicine as treatments for schistosomiasis; however, they must be used with caution because they are potentially poisonous, causing symptoms similar to those of arsenic poisoning. adj., adj antimo´�nial.
antimony potassium tartrate a compound used in treatment of schistosomiasis, especially infection with Schistosoma japonicum.
antimony sodium tartrate a compound used in treating schistosomiasis.

an·ti·mo·ny (Sb),

(an'-ti-mō'nē), Do not confuse this word with antinomy.
A metallic element, atomic no. 51, atomic wt. 121.757, valences 0, -3, +3, +5; used in alloys; toxic and irritating to the skin and mucous membranes.
Synonym(s): stibium
[G. anti + monos, not found alone]

antimony

/an·ti·mo·ny/ (Sb) (an´tĭ-mo″ne) a chemical element, at. no. 51, forming various medicinal and poisonous salts; ingestion of antimony compounds, and rarely industrial exposure to them, may produce symptoms similar to those of acute arsenic poisoning. A. potassium tartrate and a. sodium tartrate have been used as antischistosomals.antimo´nial

antimony (Sb)

[an′təmō′nē]
Etymology: L, antimonium
a bluish, crystalline metallic element occurring in nature. Various antimony compounds are used in the treatment of filariasis, leishmaniasis, lymphogranuloma, schistosomiasis, and trypanosomiasis. They are also used as emetics.

antimony

Toxicology A metallic element–atomic number 51; atomic weight 121.75 Clinical-acute N&V, bloody diarrhea, hepatitis, kidney failure Clinical-chronic Itching, conjunctivitis, laryngitis, headache, anorexia, weight loss, anemia, jaundice, kidney failure Lethal dose 100 to 200 mg Management Supportive; gastric lavage/activated charcoal; dimercaprol to accelerate excretion; transfusions for hemolysis Ref range < 10 µg/L

an·ti·mo·ny

(Sb) (an'ti-mō-nē)
A metallic element; atomic no. 51, atomic wt. 121.757; valences 0, -3, +3, +5; used in alloys; toxic and irritating to the skin and mucous membranes.
[G. anti + monos, not found alone]

antimony

A brittle, flaky metal, many of the compounds of which are poisonous.

antimony,

n a toxic metal sometimes found in alloys, semiconductors, and local pollution. Exposure has been linked to anemia, bleeding gums, conjunctivitis, headaches, laryngitis, skin disease, and weight loss.

an·ti·mo·ny

(an'ti-mō-nē) Do not confuse this word with antinomy.
A metallic element used in alloys; toxic and irritating to the skin and mucous membranes.
[G. anti + monos, not found alone]

antimony,

n a bluish crystalline metallic element occurring in nature both free and as salts. Antimony compounds are used in the treatment of filariasis, leishmaniasis, and other parasitic diseases. Antimony is also used as an emetic.

antimony

a chemical element, atomic number 51, atomic weight 121.75, symbol Sb. See Table 6. Trivalent and pentavalent antimony compounds are used in medicine as anti-infective agents in the treatment of tropical diseases, especially those of protozoan origin. All antimony compounds are potentially poisonous and must be used with caution. See also stibogluconate, meglumine.

antimony poisoning
resembles arsenic poisoning. Signs include vomiting and diarrhea. Postmortem lesions are those of gastroenteritis.
antimony potassium tartrate
a nauseant expectorant and ruminatoric. Also used as an antiparasitic agent in schistosomiasis, trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis. Called also tarter emetic.
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