antimony


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to antimony: antimony poisoning

antimony

 (Sb) [an´tĭ-mo″ne]
a chemical element, atomic number 51, atomic weight 121.75. (See Appendix 6.) Several of its salts are used in tropical medicine as treatments for schistosomiasis; however, they must be used with caution because they are potentially poisonous, causing symptoms similar to those of arsenic poisoning. adj., adj antimo´�nial.
antimony potassium tartrate a compound used in treatment of schistosomiasis, especially infection with Schistosoma japonicum.
antimony sodium tartrate a compound used in treating schistosomiasis.

an·ti·mo·ny (Sb),

(an'-ti-mō'nē), Do not confuse this word with antinomy.
A metallic element, atomic no. 51, atomic wt. 121.757, valences 0, -3, +3, +5; used in alloys; toxic and irritating to the skin and mucous membranes.
Synonym(s): stibium
[G. anti + monos, not found alone]

antimony

/an·ti·mo·ny/ (Sb) (an´tĭ-mo″ne) a chemical element, at. no. 51, forming various medicinal and poisonous salts; ingestion of antimony compounds, and rarely industrial exposure to them, may produce symptoms similar to those of acute arsenic poisoning. A. potassium tartrate and a. sodium tartrate have been used as antischistosomals.antimo´nial

antimony (Sb)

[an′təmō′nē]
Etymology: L, antimonium
a bluish, crystalline metallic element occurring in nature. Various antimony compounds are used in the treatment of filariasis, leishmaniasis, lymphogranuloma, schistosomiasis, and trypanosomiasis. They are also used as emetics.

antimony

Toxicology A metallic element–atomic number 51; atomic weight 121.75 Clinical-acute N&V, bloody diarrhea, hepatitis, kidney failure Clinical-chronic Itching, conjunctivitis, laryngitis, headache, anorexia, weight loss, anemia, jaundice, kidney failure Lethal dose 100 to 200 mg Management Supportive; gastric lavage/activated charcoal; dimercaprol to accelerate excretion; transfusions for hemolysis Ref range < 10 µg/L

an·ti·mo·ny

(Sb) (an'ti-mō-nē)
A metallic element; atomic no. 51, atomic wt. 121.757; valences 0, -3, +3, +5; used in alloys; toxic and irritating to the skin and mucous membranes.
[G. anti + monos, not found alone]

antimony

A brittle, flaky metal, many of the compounds of which are poisonous.

antimony,

n a toxic metal sometimes found in alloys, semiconductors, and local pollution. Exposure has been linked to anemia, bleeding gums, conjunctivitis, headaches, laryngitis, skin disease, and weight loss.

an·ti·mo·ny

(an'ti-mō-nē) Do not confuse this word with antinomy.
A metallic element used in alloys; toxic and irritating to the skin and mucous membranes.
[G. anti + monos, not found alone]

antimony,

n a bluish crystalline metallic element occurring in nature both free and as salts. Antimony compounds are used in the treatment of filariasis, leishmaniasis, and other parasitic diseases. Antimony is also used as an emetic.

antimony

a chemical element, atomic number 51, atomic weight 121.75, symbol Sb. See Table 6. Trivalent and pentavalent antimony compounds are used in medicine as anti-infective agents in the treatment of tropical diseases, especially those of protozoan origin. All antimony compounds are potentially poisonous and must be used with caution. See also stibogluconate, meglumine.

antimony poisoning
resembles arsenic poisoning. Signs include vomiting and diarrhea. Postmortem lesions are those of gastroenteritis.
antimony potassium tartrate
a nauseant expectorant and ruminatoric. Also used as an antiparasitic agent in schistosomiasis, trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis. Called also tarter emetic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Group 1: Animals were given 1/2 MLD 6 mg/kg of antimony sodium tartrate I/V at interval of two days for 12 weeks.
Concentrations of antimony were measured at CDC by inductively coupled dynamic reaction cell plasma mass spectrometry, in accordance with published protocols (3) and were adjusted for urine creatinine.
Until the beginning of the industrial age in China, antimony in the form of stibnite was used only for pharmaceutical purposes and in making fireworks, but with the increasing influence of Europeans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the significance of all metals changed fundamentally.
Products include Ongard 2 magnesium/zinc complex with strong smoke suppressancy and flame-retardant synergism; AZ products, which incorporate both antimony and zinc chemistry; and Smokebloc Eleven and Twelve, which incorporate antimony and molybdenum chemistry.
Depending on the temperature of the run, antimony trioxide, microcrystaline elemental antimony, or their mixture was obtained.
Antimony oxide is a very effective flame retardant for vinyl because it works synergistically with chlorine in the resin to form free-radical scavengers of antimony trichlorides and oxychlorides.
However, World War II era literature uncovered by Argonne indicated that calcium metal is an efficient scavenger for antimony (and probably other tramp metals) from molten aluminum.
The Company's main supplier of antimony and precious metals for processing in Montana has begun to significantly increase its feed in Q4 and will continue through 2013 and 2014.
A minerals processing firm in the Sohar free zone, SPMP is constructing a modern and environmentally compliant antimony roaster and processing facility with an ability to recover gold.
The new contracts are for delivery of the main antimony roasting equipment including the rotary kiln and dry and wet gas handling circuitry, representing the core operational equipment packages for the Oman Antimony Roaster (OAR).
Natural resource company United States Antimony (NYSE MKT:UAMY) on Tuesday reported strong production of 4,236 tons from the Bear River Zeolite mine in the Q2 2016.
2003) reported antimony chloride as showing high estrogenicity, "antimony oxides--not antimony chloride--are used as catalysts in the manufacture of PET.