antibacterial


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Related to antibacterial: antibacterial drugs

antibacterial

 [an″te-, an″ti-bak-tēr´e-al]
1. destroying or suppressing the growth or reproduction of bacteria.
2. an agent having such properties.

an·ti·bac·te·ri·al

(an'tē-bak-tēr'ē-ăl),
Destructive to or preventing the growth of bacteria.

antibacterial

/an·ti·bac·te·ri·al/ (-bak-tēr´e-al) destroying or suppressing growth or reproduction of bacteria; also, an agent that does this.

antibacterial

(ăn′tē-băk-tîr′ē-əl, ăn′tī-)
adj.
Destroying or inhibiting the growth of bacteria.
n.
An antibacterial substance.

an′ti·bac·te′ri·al n.

antibacterial

[-baktir′ē·əl]
Etymology: Gk, anti + bakterion, small staff
1 pertaining to a substance that kills bacteria or inhibits their growth or replication.
2 an antibacterial agent. Antibiotics synthesized chemically or derived from various microorganisms exert their bactericidal or bacteriostatic effect by interfering with the production of the bacterial plasma wall; by interfering with protein synthesis, nucleic acid synthesis, or plasma membrane integrity; or by inhibiting critical biosynthetic pathways in the bacteria.

antibacterial

adjective Referring to an agent or effect that suppresses or inhibits bacterial reproduction noun A general term for any agent that suppresses bacterial growth or destroys bacteria

an·ti·bac·te·ri·al

(an'tē-bak-tēr'ē-ăl)
Destructive to or preventing the growth of bacteria.

antibacterial

Effective against bacteria.

antibacterial

agent preventing bacterial growth, e.g. an antibiotic
  • topical antibacterial agents topical agents for the treatment of bacterial skin infections, e.g. 2% fusidic acid, 2% mupirocin (Bactroban), 0.25% neomycin (e.g. Cicatrin, Graneodin), 10 000 units polymyxin (Polyfax), 1% silver sulfadiazine (Flamazine)

antibiotic 

1. Pertaining to the ability to destroy or inhibit other living organisms.
2. A substance derived from a mould or bacterium, or produced synthetically, that destroys (bactericidal) or inhibits the growth (bacteriostatic) of other microorganisms and is thus used to treat infections. Some substances have a narrow spectrum of activity whereas others act against a wide range of both gram-positive and gram-negative organisms (broad-spectrum antibiotics). Antibiotics can be classified into several groups according to their mode of action on or within bacteria: (1) Drugs inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis, such as bacitracin, vancomycin and the β-lactams based agents (e.g. penicillin, cephalosporins (e.g. ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime). (2) Drugs affecting the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane, such as polymyxin B sulfate and gramicidin. (3) Drugs inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis, such as aminoglycosides (e.g. amikacin sulfate, framycetin sulfate, gentamicin, neomycin sulfate and tobramycin), tetracyclines, macrolides (e.g. erythromycin and azithromycin) and chloramphenicol. (4) Drugs inhibiting the intermediate metabolism of bacteria, such as sulfonamides (e.g. sulfacetamide sodium) and trimethoprim. (5) Drugs inhibiting bacterial DNA synthesis, such as nalixidic acid and fluoroquinolones (e.g. ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, norfloxacin and ofloxacin). (6) Other antibiotics such as fusidic acid, the diamidines, such as propamidine isethionate and dibrompropamidine. Syn. antibacterial. See antiinflammatory drug; fusidic acid.

antibacterial

1. destroying or suppressing the growth or reproduction of bacteria.
2. an agent having such properties.

antibacterial agents
drugs that destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria in concentrations that are safe for the host and can be used as chemotherapeutic agents to prevent or treat bacterial infections.
antibacterial resistance
consists of genetic factors, hormone levels, nutritional status, tissue enzymes, complement, interferon and immune mechanisms.
antibacterial sensitivity test
see antimicrobial sensitivity test.
antibacterial withdrawal time
the period that must elapse after treatment with an antibacterial agent ceases before the animal or its products can be marketed. Veterinarians who practice food animal medicine have a great responsibility to ensure that food of animal origin complies with pure food laws relating to their acceptable levels of drug residues. Drugs not registered for animal use should not be used and, for those that are, the legal withdrawal times must be observed.
antibacterial withholding
see antibiotic withdrawal time (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
The strong pipeline in the global antibacterial drugs market includes RHB-105, Eravacycline, Ozenoxacin, Arikace, Carbavance (meropenem/RPX7009), Surotomycin (MK-4261), SYM-1219, Solithromycin (CEM-101), Plazomycin, Ciprofloxacin/Fluocinolone Acetonide, SPL7013, Actoxumab/Aezlotoxumab, (MK-3415A), Omadacycline (PTK-0796), Zempia (E-101), Cadazolid, Delafloxacin, and Delamanid.
No other toothpaste in the United States contains triclosan, though plenty of antibacterial soaps and cosmetics count it as an ingredient.
However, we need continued efforts to reduce inappropriate antibacterial prescribing in both primary and secondary care if we are going to make any impact on the rise of antimicrobial resistance.
The discs were dipped in respective plant extracts to test the antibacterial activity against cultured microbes.
In all forms the CS has shown antibacterial activity for Streptococcus bacteria groups.
En este estudio se incluyeron tres marcas de cepillos dentales que fueron Oral B antibacterial, Colgate antibacterial y Colgate convencional no antibacterial.
Many antibacterial liquid soaps contain triclosan, which may alter the way hormones work in the body, FDA said.
A of USA has just announced that soaps and tooth pastes containing antibacterial also create bacterial resistance therefore should not be used instead ordinary soap and water serves the purpose best and are also cost effective.
The Food and Drug Administration is proposing that manufacturers of antibacterial soaps prove by 2016 that the products are safe and effective, or they must be reformulated or relabeled.
KTH Chemistry Researcher, Josefin IIIergard, explained that the team got around the problem of resistant bacteria by creating an antibacterial surface in which polymer binds with cellulose.
TYRX announces its Fully Resorbable AIGISRx R Antibacterial Envelope for use with pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) has received FDA clearance.