Burghardt and De Waal, like Griffin before them, point to examples of surprising complexity and human-like social behaviors, such as deception, as supporting the application of "critical" or "animal-centered" anthropomorphism
In suggesting that we use critical anthropomorphism
to evaluate animal suffering in the laboratory, we must clearly recognize that there are differences among animals and between animals and humans, that there is much that we do not understand about the nature of animal suffering, and moreover, that the differences and lack of understanding often become more significant the further (in evolutionary terms) one moves away from humans.
The Onkelos translator replaces the anthropomorphisms
with "It has been revealed before Me" instead of "I have seen," and "their cry has been heard before Me" instead of "I have heard.
Just as he fails to see that the teleology and anthropomorphism
that Spinoza shows to be fundamental to superstition define ancient metaphysics, not biblical religion, so the doctrines that he ascribes to Christianity are infused with ancient metaphysics: a transcendent (supernatural) God, the subordination of desire (will, human agency) to the good, the concept of life in this world as but a means to the next life as its end, and religious morality as externally imposed.
The very prohibition against anthropomorphism
, Oerlemans provocatively asserts, may itself function as an instrument of anthropocentrism by turning the nonhuman "into an otherness subservient to human needs" (69).
Throughout the history of medicine and psychology the scientific community as a whole had given no meaningful credence to the concern of mental health in animals, often simply dismissing it as naive anthropomorphism
One comes away from Swartz's study with an understanding that the Hanbali madhhab was not ideologically monolithic; far from it, the debate over anthropomorphism
was raging in Ibn al-Jawzi's day, with tempers heated on all sides.
There is anthropomorphism
in Billy's imagination and in Elderkin's use of a Greek style 'chorus' of winds.
Our opposition to downing dogmeat can't be based solely on the drooling anthropomorphism
that makes us endow Man's Best Friend with human qualities.
Mainly this is ignorance of the ways of the countryside, but others are driven by class envy, vegetarianism or absurd anthropomorphism
What results is a resilient anthropomorphism
endemic to monotheism.
Though it does not have the sensuous impact of Imre Makovecz's memorable Hungarian pavilion at Seville (AR June 1992 -- sadly Makovecz seems to have resorted to self-parody in much of his recent work), Gyorgy Vadasz's compact, sculptural building has detectable overtones of Makovecz's romantic anthropomorphism