Table 1: Phytochemical screening results Parameters Achomanes diffomis Extracts Hexane Ethanol Alkaloids - + Tannins - + Saponins - - Sterols - + Carbohydrate + + Glycosides + - Flavonoids + - Resin - - Terpenoids - - Phenols - - Phlobatannins - + Balsam - - Volatile oil - + Cardiac glycosides + - Anthracene - - Anthraquinone
- - = Absent; + = Present Table 2: % of Inhibition at different concentrations (mg/ml) compared with Vitamin C Plan t 0.
TLC and HPLC analysis showed that anthraquinone
accumulation was principally intracellularly based as the concentrations of the intracellular extracts were higher than that of the supernatant extracts (Figure 6 and Table 3).
rotundus is probably a result of compounds in the plant such as alkaloids, anthraquinones
, coumarins, steroids and triterpenes, sesquiterpenoid, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, and resins (COSTA, 2000; JEONG et al.
Toxicity is attributed to various anthraquinones
and their derivatives and alkaloids, but the specific toxins have not been identified.
Other topics of the 16 papers include removal of dyes from clay surfaces, inorganic pigments to color ceramic materials, synthesis and characterization of substituted metallophthalocyanines, and enhanced anthraquinone
dye production from Rubiaceae plants.
According to the HPLC and GC/MS analyses, the main product of ANT oxidation is anthraquinone
As can be seen from the chart on this page, the most effective agent tested was a primitive version of our new anthraquinone
analog compound that has been discovered by our collaborators.
The radiation activatable groups R are the same or different and are selected from the group consisting of: a) acetophenone, benzophenone, anthraquinone
, xanthone, thioxanthone, camphorquinone, terephthalophenone benzil, fluorenone, -ketocoumarin and acetophenone-, benzophenone-, anthraquinone
-, xanthone-, thioxanthone-, camphorquinone-, terephthalophenone-, benzil-, fluorenone- and -ketocoumarin-derivatives.
On copper (black), each anthraquinone
molecule appears in this scanning tunneling microscope image as a mound that's orange or yellow on top, green in the middle, and blue at the base.
Three of the patients were taking phenolphthalein, two were taking an anthraquinone
laxative, and two were taking phenolphthalein plus either an anthraquinone
or milk of magnesia.
This plant-derived anthraquinone
derivative blocks the downstream proinflammatory effects associated with stimulation of the interleukin-1 receptors located on chondrocytes and inflammatory cells.
The expert panel found six ingredients derived from Aloe barbadensis are safe for use as cosmetic ingredients if anthraquinone
levels do not exceed 50 ppm.