anthelmintic


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anthelmintic

 [ant″hel-min´tik]
1. destructive to parasitic worms; called also antihelmintic and vermifugal.
2. an agent destructive to worms; examples include piperazine and hexylresorcinol for the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides;quinacrine for tapeworms; oxytetracycline and emetine for protozoan infections such as amebic dysentery; and mebendazole for several different intestinal worms. Many anthelmintic drugs are toxic and should be given with care; the toxic effects of a specific drug should be known prior to administration and the patient observed carefully for such effects after the drug is given. Called also vermicide, and vermifuge

ant·hel·min·tic

(ant'hel-min'tik, an-thel-),
1. An agent that destroys or expels intestinal worms. Synonym(s): anthelminthic, antihelminthic, helminthagogue, helminthic (2) , helmintic (2) , vermifuge
2. Having the power to destroy or expel intestinal worms. Synonym(s): vermifugal
[anti- + G. helmins, worm]

anthelmintic

/ant·hel·min·tic/ (ant″hel-min´tik)
1. vermifugal; destructive to worms.
2. vermicide or vermifuge; an agent destructive to worms.

anthelmintic

(ănt′hĕl-mĭn′tĭk, ăn′thĕl-) also

anthelminthic

(-thĭk)
adj.
Acting to expel or destroy parasitic intestinal worms.
n.
An agent that destroys or causes the expulsion of parasitic intestinal worms.

anthelmintic

[ant′helmin′tik]
Etymology: Gk, anti + helmins, against worms
1 pertaining to a substance that destroys or prevents the development of parasitic worms, such as filariae, flukes, hookworms, pinworms, roundworms, schistosomes, tapeworms, trichinae, and whipworms.
2 an anthelmintic drug. An anthelmintic may interfere with the parasites' carbohydrate metabolism, inhibit their respiratory enzymes, block their neuromuscular action, or render them susceptible to destruction by the host's macrophages. Drugs used in treating specific helmintic infections include piperazine, pyrantel pamoate, pyrvinium pamoate, mebendazole, niclosamide, hexylresorcinol, diethylcarbamazine, and thiabendazole.

ant·hel·min·tic

(ant'hĕl-min'tik)
1. An agent that destroys or expels intestinal worms.
Synonym(s): helminthagogue.
2. Having the power to destroy or expel intestinal worms.
[anti- + G. helmins, worm]

anthelmintic

A drug used to kill or drive out parasitic worms from the intestines. From the Greek anti , against and elmins , a worm.

Anthelminthic (also spelled anthelmintic)

A type of drug or herbal preparation given to destroy parasitic worms or expel them from the body.
Mentioned in: Dysentery

anthelmintic,

adj/n eradicating intestinal worms.

anthelmintic (an´thelmin´tik),

n a drug that acts against parasitic worms, especially intestinal worms.

anthelmintic

1. destructive to worms.
2. an agent destructive to worms. They are classified as antinematicidal, antitrematicidal, anticesticidal.

anthelmintic poisoning
see under individual anthelmintics.
anthelmintic resistance
frequent dosing of animals, especially ruminants running at pasture, selectively retains worms with innate resistance to a particular anthelmintic. A population of resistant worms may result. The resistant worm population may be transmitted to other farms. Side resistance to other compounds in the same chemical group may occur. This is observed in the benzimidazole group of compounds and in the levamisole-morantel group.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nephrotic syndrome in strongyloidiasis: remission after eradication with anthelmintic agents.
Management of raccoon roundworm in freeranging raccoon populations via anthelmintic baiting.
Thus the anthelmintic tolzan exhibited dual effect, on one hand it solwed down the synthesis of body constituents and on the other hand curtailed the energy production in the parasites.
Post-treatment testing will also be offered to determine the level of anthelmintic resistance.
Therefore it can be argued that when using mebendazole, which is a broad-spectrum anthelmintic drug (Krizovfi-Forstovfi et al.
The condensed solvent extracts were used determining antifungal and anthelmintic activities.
Fenbendazole is a highly effective benzimidazole-class anthelmintic that is not currently approved for game bird species in the United States.
Thus, alternative environment friendly sustainable novel strategies are required, which could reduce the exclusive reliance on anthelmintic treatment.
NemaMetrix (2011) - A contract research organization and designer of custom microfluidic, electrophysiological and optical devices for anthelmintic drug discovery.
Levamisole was originally marketed as an anthelmintic agent but was also found to have major immunomodulatory properties.
Topics include descriptions of nematode parasites and their biology and life cycle, principles of control, anthelmintics and anthelmintic resistance, worm control and resistance management, non-chemical treatment options, nutrition and parasitism, and the immune response to parasites.