anterior poliomyelitis


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Related to anterior poliomyelitis: Acute poliomyelitis

anterior poliomyelitis

Inflammation of the anterior horns of the spinal cord.
See also: poliomyelitis

anterior poliomyelitis

acute spinal viral meningitis affecting primarily spinal cord anterior (motor) horn cells; presenting initially as a short (approximately 3 weeks) flu-like illness; 1:10 develop lower motor neurone lesions (paralysis of skeletal muscles subserved by affected spinal nerves), muscle atrophy and soft-tissue contracture with resultant limb/foot deformity (e.g. fixed equinovarus or calcaneovalgus foot), gait effects and abnormal plantar loading; lumbar and sacral autonomic ganglia involvement causes disruption of vasomotor control and affected limbs are cold, mottled and anhidrotic
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