anterior compartment syndrome

anterior compartment syndrome

A condition that typically arises in the anterior compartment of the lower leg, characterised by cramping, pain and tightness, often with numbness and tingling in the foot.

anterior compartment syndrome

 A condition in which swelling within the anterior compartment of the lower leg jeopardizes the functionality of the muscles, nerves, and arteries that serve the foot

compartment syndrome

effects of increased pressure due to swelling of groups of lower leg muscles confined by fibrous sheets of fascia which restrict expansion within the different compartments. acute compartment syndrome swelling leading to ischaemia and potential necrosis of muscle tissue. May be caused by bleeding following injury. Treatment involves alleviation of the pressure with elevation and anti-inflammatory medication; may require release of pressure by surgical incision of the fascia. chronic exertional compartment syndrome often comes on with a particular predictable amount of strenuous activity, when increased muscle volume raises compartment pressure, impeding blood flow and causing pain which is relieved by rest. Many causes include repetitive overuse, muscle hypertrophy due to training, and foot conditions which alter lower limb biomechanics. anterior compartment syndrome pain on the front of the lower leg, down the outer side of the tibia, when (mainly) the ankle dorsiflexor (tibialis anterior) and toe extensors are affected. lateral compartment syndrome pain on the outer side of the leg when the plantarflexors/everters (peroneus muscles) are affected. posterior compartment syndrome pain in the calf when the muscles in the superficial (mainly the gastrocnemius and soleus) or the deep compartment (tibialis posterior and toe flexors) are involved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chronic anterior compartment syndrome of the leg was reported in 6.
No statistical relationships were found between chronic anterior compartment syndrome of the leg and athletes' age, days of practice per week and BMI.
The incidence of chronic anterior compartment syndrome of the leg was related with spike shoes (A7) (10.
No statistical relationships were found between chronic anterior compartment syndrome of the leg and activity level, dynamic and static foot and knee alignment, and running surfaces.
Major factors affecting the occurrence of chronic anterior compartment syndrome of the leg were represented in Figure 7.
Chronic anterior compartment syndrome of the Continuous variables Patients Mean ([+ or -] SD) p Height (cm) Affected 177 (6) .
Two recent MRI studies have shown a statistically significant increase in T2-weighted signal intensity in the anterior compartment of patients with chronic anterior compartment syndrome.
Schepsis and associates (34) found similar success with fasciotomies for exertional anterior compartment syndrome, with excellent results in 96% of patients.
In the past, patients with exertional anterior compartment syndrome generally underwent fasciotomies of both the anterior and lateral compartment.
Mohler LR, Styf JR, Pedowitz RA, et al: Intramuscular deoxygenation during exercise in patients who have chronic anterior compartment syndrome of the leg.
Blackman PG, Simmons LR, Crossley KM: Treatment of chronic exertional anterior compartment syndrome with massage: a pilot study.
1988) The role of tissue pressure measurement in diagnosing chronic anterior compartment syndrome.

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