anterior compartment


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anterior compartment

lower-leg fascial compartment, enclosing the anterior muscle group and (Table 1)
Table 1: Diagnostic tests of collateral ligament injury at the ankle
Test modalityComment
Anterior drawer test>4 mm anterior displacement of calcaneum = ATFL tear
Talar tilt testGreater than normal inversion of STJ = ATFL rupture
Additional dimpling below lateral malleolus = CFL rupture
Ankle arthrographyShows leakage of contrast medium from lateral ankle joint area
Dye leakage inferior to medial malleolus = ruptured deltoid ligament
Peroneal tenographyLeak of contrast medium from the peroneal tendon sheath = CFL tear (CFL is closely apposed to peroneal tendon sheath)
Magnetic resonance imagingPinpoints exact location of ligament/capsule/tendon injury
Computerised tomography scanDiagnoses associated with osseous microfracture, joint mice, loose bodies, avulsion fractures
ArthroscopyVisualizes bone fragments, synovial hypertrophy, chronic synovitis, osteochrondral defects, bone impingement

ATFL, anterior talofibular ligament; STJ, subtalar joint; CFL, calcaneofibular ligament.

anterior

situated at or directed toward the front; opposite of posterior. In quadrupeds the use of the term is limited to parts of the head but is often used to mean cranially. In bipeds such as humans it is synonymous with ventral.

anterior abdomen pain
elicited pain in the anterior abdomen caused, in cattle, by reticulitis, hepatic or splenic abscess, abomasal ulcer and intestinal obstruction.
anterior chamber
the part of the eyeball between the cornea and the iris, filled with aqueous humor.
anterior chamber angle
see iridocorneal angle.
anterior compartment
chamber of the eye bounded by the iris and cornea; contains the aqueous humor as it moves to the filtration angle; called also anterior chamber.
anterior cruciate ligament
see cranial (anterior) cruciate ligament.
anterior (cranial) drawer sign
cranial, nonrotary movement of the proximal tibia in relation to the distal femur. Normally restricted by the cranial (anterior) cruciate ligament and used as a diagnostic test for rupture of that structure.
anterior epithelial layer
of the cornea is a noncornified, stratified, squamous epithelium, continuous with the bulbar conjunctival epithelium.
anterior functional stenosis
achalasia of the reticulo-omasal sphincter causing ingesta to accumulate in the reticulorumen.
anterior limiting membrane
of the cornea is a combination of the basement membrane, a felted layer of fine collagen fibers; substantial only in primates.
anterior pituitary
anterior pituitary hormones
anterior station trypanosomes
a section of the genus Trypanosoma in which the infectious stages accumulate in the mouthparts and salivary glands of the intermediate host so that the parasite is transmitted when the insect vector takes a blood meal. Called also Salivaria. See also posterior station trypanosomes.
anterior vena cava
see vena cava.
References in periodicals archive ?
While some reports cite low long-term recurrence rates (> 5%) after anterior colporrhaphy, most publications cite > 40% anterior compartment recurrence rates.
The greatest challenge for a pelvic surgeon lies in controlling the anterior compartment because of the different kinds of pelvic failure.
of Round Rock, TX, one of the nation's leading urogynecologists, said, "Ascend fulfils a need surgeons have had for years for an implant that can treat both anterior compartment and apical prolapse at the same time and in the same procedure.
5%) experienced recurrences mostly in the anterior compartment.
5] Prolapse recurrence (specifically anterior compartment prolapse) is also noted as a reason for mesh use.
The main role for mesh with POP repair is in the anterior compartment, where a higher risk of recurrence with traditional repairs has been documented.
Anterior tibial artery was reached by a longitudinal incision to anterior compartment from distal 1/3 segment of the leg.
2008) has provided evidence that reductions in thigh muscle CSA can be explained by losses in the anterior compartment since no changes were observed in muscle size and strength of the posterior compartment.
10) Trismus is most commonly associated with anterior compartment abscesses.
For the anterior compartment repair, 2 implant straps on each side are placed via the obturator foramen in the arcus tendinus fasciae pelvis.
DR MOORE: Over the past 5 years, several prospective randomized trials have evaluated the use of mesh in anterior compartment repairs, demonstrating better cure rates compared with traditional techniques.

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