annotation

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annotation

Bioinformatics A term of art referring to analysis and commentary added to sequence data in databases, which provide contextual information about coding and non-coding sequence within genes, patterning and motifs, similarities, known or predicted protein structure and function, and links to external data (e.g., clinical observations).
Informatics A critical or explanatory note, usually included in a bibliographical entry or reference, to provide additional data.

annotation

process used in GENOMICS for analysis of NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCES to identify the GENES (both PROTEIN-coding and protein non-coding, such as those for rRNA and tRNA), their regulatory sequences (see OPERON MODEL and their functions. Annotation also includes characterization of MOBILE GENETIC ELEMENTS and REPETITIVE DNA. See also BIOINFORMATICS.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike other works that truly deserve to be republished as annotated editions, Mein Kampf does not," Ronald Lauder, president of the World Jewish Congress, told (http://www.
One wonders if Blake read the entire set of aphorisms and then annotated.
This is a web interface for users to browse the annotated documents and run queries on documents in a multilingual environment.
The assignment, due one week after the library session, is graded by the librarian and returned three to four weeks prior to the due date for the annotated bibliographies.
Titles and URLs are added to the citations automatically, and selections can be annotated with keywords and detailed descriptions.
Andy Kozar, an All-American fullback at Tennessee in 1952, has painstakingly compiled and annotated the General's fabulous notebooks.
De revolutionibus was owned by a majority of astronomers, and was annotated by them and their students.
Images can also be permanently annotated with tools including highlights, text, bitmap stamps and redactions.
AFRICAN-AMERICAN VISUAL ARTISTS: An Annotated Bibliography of Educational Resource Materials (2001; $45), by Daniel J.
The annotated bibliography is designed to be of help to teachers of English as a Second Language (ESL) to an often overlooked population--adult language learners in non-academic settings and adult education programs.
Zora Neale Hurston: An Annotated Bibliography and Reference Guide.
In the first instance, the newly sequenced gene is generally annotated as a homolog of the best hit.