aniline


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

aniline

 [an´ĭ-lin]
an oily liquid from coal tar and indigo or prepared by reducing nitrobenzene; the parent substance of colors or dyes derived from coal tar. Aniline and its derivatives are an important cause of serious industrial poisoning. Household items such as indelible ink, shoe dye, and some wax crayons have been associated with poisonings. Routes of exposure include the respiratory tract, the mouth, and percutaneous absorption. Aniline from the mother can cross the placental barrier to poison a fetus. The predominant acute toxic effect is methemoglobinemia.

an·i·line

(an'i-lin, -lēn),
An oily, colorless, or brownish liquid, of aromatic odor and acrid taste, which is the parent substance of many synthetic dyes; derived from benzene by the substitution of the group -NH2 for one of the hydrogen atoms. Aniline is highly toxic, may cause industrial poisoning, and may be carcinogenic.
[Ar. an-nil, indigo]

aniline

/an·i·line/ (an´ĭ-lin) the parent substance of colors or dyes derived from coal tar; it is an important cause of serious industrial poisoning associated with bone marrow depression as well as methemoglobinemia, and high doses or prolonged exposure may be carcinogenic.

aniline (C6H5NH2)

[an′ilēn]
Etymology: Ar, alnil, indigo
an oily, colorless poisonous liquid with a strong odor and burning taste, formerly extracted from the indigo plant and now made synthetically from nitrobenzene and used in the manufacture of aniline dyes. Industrial workers exposed to aniline are at risk of developing methemoglobinemia and bone marrow suppression. Also called amidobenzene, benzenamine.

an·i·line

(an'i-lin)
An oily, colorless or brownish liquid, of aromatic odor and acrid taste, which is the parent substance of many synthetic dyes. Aniline is highly toxic and may cause industrial poisoning.
[Ar. an-nil, indigo]
References in periodicals archive ?
Recently, polytoluidine has attracted greater attention because of its better solubility and processibility than PANi, (13-16) Co-polymerization of aniline with toluidine might be one of the best methods to modify the solubility of PANi and to combine the advantages of polytoluidine with PANi.
An examination of Table 2 shows that the formation constant for the hydrogen bonded complexes of Ortho and Para aniline with 1-octanol is in the order of P-Methoxyaniline < O-Chloroaniline < O-Methylaniline < O-Methoxyaniline < PChloroaniline.
The company plans to establish a new aniline production plant in Rozenburg near Rotterdam in 2012 to complement its Teesside operation.
She developed haemolysis within 24 hours of exposure to aniline and methylene blue treatment and this required transfusion.
The title of their project was 'Design of a World-Scale Aniline Plant'.
During the same time, a large number of aniline dyes appeared on the market, giving zest to Ehrlich's research on tissue stains.
Andrew Muirhead has expanded its Braveheart collection of Scottish aniline leather.
Using hydrogen peroxide and horseradish peroxidase enzyme at a very acidic pH of 3, her group catalyzed a completely clean conversion of aniline to conductive polyaniline.
Aniline dyed means dyed with a color formulation that fully permeates the hide.
Using a wide range of primary and secondary sources, we combined, analyzed and presented all available data about aniline market in the all-in-one report issued in a logical and easily accessible format.
23, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- About aniline Aniline is an aromatic amine.
The present report is an essential resource for a one looking for detailed information on the world aniline market.