anhydrase


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anhydrase

 [an-hi´drās]
an enzyme that catalyzes the removal of water from a compound.
carbonic anhydrase an enzyme that catalyzes the decomposition of carbonic acid into carbon dioxide and water, facilitating transfer of carbon dioxide from tissues to blood and from blood to alveolar air.

an·hy·drase

(an-hī'drās),
An enzyme that catalyzes the removal of water from a compound; most such enzymes are now known as hydrases, hydro-lyases, or dehydratases.

anhydrase

[anhī′drās]
Etymology: Gk, a, not + hydor, water
an enzyme that catalyzes the elimination of water molecules from certain compounds, as carbonic anhydrase dehydrates carbonic acid, thereby controlling the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood and lungs.

an·hy·drase

(an-hī'drās)
An enzyme that catalyzes the removal of water from a compound; most such enzymes are now known as hydrases, hydrolyases, or dehydratases.

anhydrase

an enzyme that catalyzes the removal of water from a compound.

carbonic anhydrase
a zinc-containing enzyme that catalyzes the decomposition of carbonic acid into carbon dioxide and water, facilitating transfer of carbon dioxide from tissues to blood and from blood to alveolar air. See also carbonic anhydrase.
References in periodicals archive ?
Carbonic anhydrase IX is an independent predictor of survival in advanced renal clear cell carcinoma: implications for prognosis and therapy.
We speculate that, as in our case, carbonic anhydrase inhibition of the endothelium may have been the mechanism of visual impairment.
Laryngeal epithelial defenses against laryngopharyngeal reflux: investigations of E-cadherin, carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme III, and pepsin.
2004, Effect of melatonin on carbonic anhydrase from human erythrocyte in vitro and from rat erythrocyte in vivo.
Zuker says that, of the genes that are turned on in sour-sensing cells, one stood out: the gene encoding carbonic anhydrase 4, one in an important class of enzymes that helps maintain appropriate levels of C[O.
Omeprazole has a dual mechanism of action: it inhibits both H7K+-ATPase and gastric mucosa carbonic anhydrase enzyme in humans in vitro and in vivo experiments.
Pepsin has been shown to alter levels of stress-induced proteins (Sep70 and Sep53), as well as depleting levels of E-cadherin and carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme III, (12,13) thus altering the epithelial response to injury.
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors such as brinzolamide (Azopt) to decrease intraocular fluid production
Topical betablockers (such as timolol) and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (including Azopt) decrease production of the fluid that fills the eyeball.
One such zinc-dependent enzyme, carbonic anhydrase, helps the body clear away byproducts of daily cellular activity.