Collisions with wires-a source of anatid
erythrorhynchus 1 Anas clypeata 1 Aythya affinis 3 Bucephala albeola fossilis 3 Oxyura jamaicensis 16 Anatid
4 Calipepla californica 3 Rallus limicola 2 Fulica americana 11 Phalaropus lobatus 1 Geococcyx californianus 2 Apheloocoma califbrnica 1 Vireo sp.
RT-PCR was optimized by using the following controls, including nucleic acids extracted from theca folliculi of healthy Pekin ducks: avian influenza virus, Newcastle disease virus, egg drop syndrome virus, anatid
herpesvirus 1, Muscovy duck parvovirus, goose parvovirus, duck reovirus, goose reovirus, duck hepatitis A virus, duck astrovirus, duck circovirus, and goose hemorrhagic polyomavirus.
One could also mention here the discrepancies between the geographic spread of HPAI H5N1 virus and overall pattern of wild bird migrations: the virus has never been reported in the Philippines and in several countries farther south such as New Zealand and Australia (although these 2 countries have no migratory anatid
populations connecting them to Southeast Asia, they do have many shore bird and wader species in common ).
However, the Canard Branchu or the Wood Duck, while accurately named for its tree-perching behavior is quite unlife-like and could more readily pass for a columbid than an anatid
The results of this study suggest that anatid
calls can be useful in species-level taxonomy.
Other characteristics of the mallard support its potential role as a vector (, online Appendix Figure 1): it is the most abundant anatid
species in Western Eurasia ([approximately equal to] 9 million birds); part of the population migrates long distances northeast to southwest between breeding and wintering areas; and it is found on nearly every type of wetland and is very tolerant of human presence, thus forming a potential link between wild waterfowl, domestic animals, and humans.
The epizootiology of anatid
herpesvirus 1 infection in waterfowl is poorly understood but apparently involves persistence of the virus in latently infected birds.
The Torrent Duck is one of four anatid
river specialists that inhabit mountain streams around the world.
Blood parasites of prairie anatids
and their implication in waterfowl management in Alberta and Saskatchewan.
TBEV has been isolated, or serologically indicated, from several bird species, especially anatids
and gallinaceous birds, and most often from Eastern Europe or Russia (9).
Evolutionary relationships and conservation of the Hawaiian anatids