anal fissure


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Related to anal fissure: sitz bath, hemorrhoids, Crohn's disease

fissure

 [fish´er]
1. a narrow slit or cleft, especially one of the deeper or more constant furrows separating the gyri of the brain.
2. a deep cleft in the surface of a tooth, usually due to imperfect fusion of the enamel of the adjoining dental lobes. It can be treated with a dental sealant to decrease risk of caries.
abdominal fissure a congenital cleft in the abdominal wall; see also gastroschisis and thoracoceloschisis. Called also celoschisis.
anal fissure (fissure in ano) a painful lineal ulcer at the margin of the anus.
anterior median fissure a longitudinal furrow along the midline of the ventral surface of the spinal cord and medulla oblongata.
fissure of Bichat transverse fissure (def. 2).
branchial fissure pharyngeal groove.
central fissure fissure of Rolando.
collateral fissure a longitudinal fissure on the inferior surface of the cerebral hemisphere between the fusiform gyrus and the hippocampal gyrus.
Henle's f's spaces filled with connective tissue between the muscular fibers of the heart.
hippocampal fissure one extending from the splenium of the corpus callosum almost to the tip of the temporal lobe; called also hippocampal sulcus.
longitudinal fissure the deep fissure between the two cerebral hemispheres.
palpebral fissure the longitudinal opening between the eyelids.
portal fissure porta hepatis.
posterior median fissure
1. a shallow vertical groove in the closed part of the medulla oblongata, continuous with the posterior median fissure of the spinal cord.
2. a shallow vertical groove dividing the spinal cord throughout its length in the midline posteriorly; called also posterior median sulcus.
presylvian fissure the anterior branch of the fissure of Sylvius.
pudendal fissure rima pudendi.
Rolando's fissure (fissure of Rolando) a groove running obliquely across the superolateral surface of a cerebral hemisphere, separating the frontal lobe from the parietal lobe. Called also central fissure and central sulcus.
fissure of round ligament one on the visceral surface of the liver, lodging the round ligament in the adult.
sylvian fissure (fissure of Sylvius) one extending laterally between the temporal and frontal lobes, and turning posteriorly between the temporal and parietal lobes.
transverse fissure
2. the transverse cerebral fissure between the diencephalon and the cerebral hemispheres; called also fissure of Bichat.
zygal fissure any of the fissures on the cerebral cortex that consist of two branches connected by a stem.

a·nal fis·sure

a crack or slit in the mucous membrane of the anus, very painful and difficult to heal.

anal fissure

a painful linear ulceration or laceration of the skin at the margin of the anus. Also called fissure-in-ano.

a·nal fis·sure

(ā'năl fish'ŭr)
A crack or slit in the mucous membrane of the anus.

anal fissure

Sometimes called fissure-in-ano, this is a longitudinal tear in the wall of the anus, usually directly backwards. There is inevitable infection and a swollen skin tag, called a sentinel pile forms at the site. There is burning pain on defaecation. Surgical treatment is effective but about 10 per cent of patients suffer anal incontinence, mainly for flatus. BOTULINUM TOXIN has been used.

Anal fissure

An ulcer on the margin of the anus.
Mentioned in: Anoscopy
References in periodicals archive ?
Anal fissures are not exactly a topic for cocktail party conversation, and the reluctance to discuss them often leaves sufferers thinking they are the only ones affected.
Ansaloni L, Bernabe A, Ghetti R, et al: Oral lacidipine in the treatment of anal fissure.
Criteria for study inclusion: Participants were randomized to nonsurgical therapy for anal fissures.
The study, conducted at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, looked at patients who had experienced chronic anal fissure for a median duration of 16 weeks.
A snapshot of the global therapeutic scenario for Anal Fissure.
Traditional anal fissure treatment options include dietary fiber, stool softeners, anti-inflammatory drugs, local anesthetics, and increased water consumption.
This happens most commonly when a child has an anal fissure, or tear, from straining to pass a bowel motion.
An anal fissure is a small tear in the skin that lines the anus, and can occur in a number of ways such as passing large or hard stools, straining during a bowel movement, or following an episode of diarrhea.
A It could be an anal fissure, a hairline crack in the delicate muscle guarding the exit to your back passage.
For first-line treatment of anal fissure, nitroglycerin ointment, topical calcium channel blockers, and botulinum toxin injection are all acceptable because of their low morbidity but are "not entirely proven," according to the Clinical Practice Committee of the American Gastroenterological Association.
An anal fissure, which is a break in the sensitive lining in the rectum.
General Surgery: Clinical Guidelines for Office-based Surgery; Anal fissure, chronic; Appendectomy; Breast surgery - biopsy; Mastectomy; Cholecystectomy, open or laparoscopic; Colon resection - Colectomy, Debridement, Wound; Gastroesophageal Reflux Device Implantation, Gastroesophageal Reflux (GERD) Surgery; Hemorrhoidectomy - internal and external, Hiatal Hernia repair, Incisional Hernia Repair, Inguinal Hernia Repair, Umbilical Hernia Repair, Incision and Drainage (I & D) Procedures; Laparoscopy or Peritoneoscopy;