anemic murmur

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a·ne·mic mur·mur

a nonvalvular murmur heard on auscultation of the heart and large blood vessels in cases of profound anemia associated mainly with turbulent blood flow resulting from decreased blood viscosity.

a·ne·mic mur·mur

(ă-nē'mik mŭr'mŭr)
A nonvalvular murmur heard on auscultation of the heart and large blood vessels in cases of profound anemia associated mainly with turbulent blood flow due to decreased blood viscosity.
Synonym(s): hemic murmur, anaemic murmur.

murmur

(mur'mur) [L. murmur]
An abnormal sound or extra beat heard when listening to the heart or neighboring large blood vessels. Murmurs may be soft, blowing, rumbling, booming, loud, or variable in intensity. They may be heard during systole, diastole, or both. A murmur does not necessarily indicate heart disease, and many heart diseases do not produce murmurs. See: heart

anemic murmur

Hemic murmur.

aneurysmal murmur

A whizzing systolic sound heard over an aneurysm. It is more commonly known as a bruit.

aortic murmur

An abnormal, soft sound heard on auscultation that may be due to stenosis or regurgitation. It is a sign of aortic valvular disease.
See: aortic regurgitant murmur

aortic obstructive murmur

A harsh systolic murmur heard with and after the first heart sound. It is loudest at the base.

aortic regurgitant murmur

A blowing or hissing following the second heart sound.

apex murmur

An inorganic murmur over the apex of the heart.

arterial murmur

A soft flowing murmur that is synchronous with the pulse.

Austin Flint murmur

See: Austin Flint murmur

bronchial murmur

A murmur heard over large bronchi, resembling respiratory laryngeal murmur.

cardiac murmur

A sound arising due to blood flow through the heart.

cardiopulmonary murmur

A murmur caused by movement of the heart against the lungs.

continuous murmur

A murmur that extends throughout systole and diastole.

crescendo murmur

A murmur that progressively builds up in intensity and then suddenly subsides.

Cruveilhier-Baumgarten murmur

See: Cruveilhier-Baumgarten murmur

diastolic murmur

A murmur occurring during relaxation of the heart.

Duroziez' murmur

See: Duroziez' murmur

ejection murmur

A systolic murmur that is most intense at the time of maximum flow of blood from the heart. This murmur is associated with pulmonary and aortic stenosis.

endocardial murmur

An abnormal sound produced by any cause and arising within the heart.

exocardial murmur

A cardiac murmur produced outside the cavities of the heart.

extracardiac murmur

Exocardial murmur.

friction murmur

A murmur caused by an inflamed mucous surface rubbing against another, as in pericarditis.

functional murmur

A murmur occurring in the absence of any pathological change in the structure of the heart valves or orifices. It does not indicate organic disease of the heart, and may disappear upon a return to health. It may be mistaken for a pathological murmur by an inexperienced listener.

Gibson's murmur

See: Gibson's murmur

Graham Steell's murmur

See: Graham Steell's murmur

heart murmur

Cardiac murmur.

hemic murmur

A sound heard on auscultation of anemic persons without valvular lesions and resulting from an abnormal, usually anemic, blood condition.

holosystolic murmur

Pansystolic murmur.

machinery murmur

Gibson's murmur.

mitral murmur

A murmur produced at the orifice of the mitral (bicuspid) valve.

musical murmur

A cardiac murmur with sounds that have an intermittent harmonic pattern.

organic murmur

A murmur due to structural changes.

pansystolic murmur

A heart murmur heard throughout systole.

pericardial murmur

A friction sound produced within the pericardium.

physiologic murmur

Functional murmur.

prediastolic murmur

Systolic murmur.

presystolic murmur

A murmur occurring just before systole, due to mitral or tricuspid obstruction.

pulmonary murmur

A murmur produced at the orifice of the pulmonary artery.

regurgitant murmur

A murmur due to leakage or backward flow of blood through a dilated valvular orifice.

seagull murmur

A murmur that resembles the cry of a seagull; sometimes associated with aortic insufficiency.

Still's murmur

See: Still's murmur

systolic murmur

A cardiac murmur during systole.

to-and-fro murmur

A pericardial murmur heard during both systole and diastole.

tricuspid murmur

A murmur produced at the orifice of the tricuspid valve and caused by stenosis or incompetency of the valve.

vascular murmur

A murmur occurring over a blood vessel.

vesicular murmur

Normal breath sounds.

murmur

an auscultatory sound, particularly a periodic sound of short duration of cardiac or vascular origin.

anemic murmur
see blood murmur (below).
aortic murmur
a sound indicative of disease of the aortic valve.
apex murmur
one heard over the apex of the heart.
arterial murmur
one in an artery, sometimes aneurysmal and sometimes constricted.
blood murmur
one due to an abnormal, commonly anemic, condition of the blood. Called also anemic murmur.
cardiac murmur
see heart murmur (below).
cardiopulmonary murmur
one produced by the impact of the heart against the lung.
continuous murmur
a humming murmur heard throughout systole and diastole.
crescendo murmur
one marked by progressively increasing loudness.
crescendo-decrescendo murmur
one with increasing intensity until mid- to late systole, then a decreasing intensity, giving a diamond-shaped tracing on phonocardiography. Characteristic of pulmonary stenosis.
decrescendo murmur
one with an intensity that gradually decreases. Heard during diastole in aortic or pulmonary valvular insufficiency.
diamond-shaped murmur
refers to the phonocardiographic tracing of a crescendo-decrescendo murmur.
diastolic murmur
one at diastole, due to mitral obstruction or to aortic or pulmonary regurgitation.
ejection murmur
systolic murmur heard predominantly in mid-systole, when ejection volume and velocity of blood flow are at their maximum.
friction murmur
friction rub.
functional murmur
a cardiac murmur occurring in the absence of structural changes in the heart.
heart murmur
any adventitious sound heard over the region of the heart. It may indicate a leaking or stenotic valve, a congenital patency between the right and left sides of the heart, or be a functional murmur which does not indicate cardiac disease. These occur in young foals, some of them disappear before maturity.
hemic murmur
see blood murmur (above).
innocent murmur
one caused by increased velocity of blood rather than a cardiac lesion.
machinery murmur, machinery-like murmur
a long, rumbling sound occupying most of systole and diastole. Characteristic of patent ductus arteriosus and arteriovenous fistulas.
mitral murmur
one due to disease of the mitral valve.
musical murmur
a cardiac murmur having a periodic harmonic pattern.
organic murmur
one due to structural change in the heart.
pansystolic murmur
one heard throughout systole.
prediastolic murmur
one occurring just before and with diastole, due to mitral obstruction or to aortic or pulmonary regurgitation.
presystolic murmur
one occurring shortly before the onset of ventricular ejection, usually associated with a narrowed atrioventricular valve.
pulmonary murmur
one due to disease of the valves of the pulmonary artery.
radiating heart murmur
one which is heard over a wider area or over another area. The systolic murmur of subaortic stenosis radiates up the aortic arch and carotid arteries. It can be heard over the right, as well as left, heart base and occasionally over the head.
regurgitant murmur
one due to a dilated valvular orifice, with consequent regurgitation of blood through the valve.
seagull murmur
a raucous murmur resembling the call of a seagull, frequently heard in aortic insufficiency.
systolic murmur
one occurring at systole, usually due to mitral or tricuspid regurgitation, or to aortic or pulmonary obstruction.
tricuspid murmur
one caused by disease of the tricuspid valve.
vascular murmur
one heard over a blood vessel.
vesicular murmur
the normal breath sounds heard over the lungs.