amyotonia congenita


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

a·my·o·to·ni·a con·gen·'i·ta

[MIM*205000]
an indefinite term for a number of congenital neuromuscular disorders that cause generalized loss of muscle tone, and sometimes weakness, in infants and young children; most such disorders have a benign course.

am·y·o·to·nia con·gen·i·ta

(ā-mī'ō-tō'nē-ă kon-jen'i-tă)
1. Atonic pseudoparalysis of congenital origin (neither familial nor hereditary), observed especially in infants and characterized by absence of tone in muscles innervated by the spinal nerves.
2. An indefinite term for a number of congenital neuromuscular disorders that cause generalized myotonia in young children and have a benign course.
Synonym(s): Oppenheim disease, Thomsen disease.

amyotonia congenita

The ‘floppy baby’ syndrome, in which the new-born baby's muscles are weak and the limbs floppy. In many such cases the condition is benign and recovery is complete, but some are suffering from spinal muscular atrophy (WERDNIG-HOFFMANN DISEASE).

Oppenheim,

Hermann, German neurologist, 1858-1919.
Minor-Oppenheim syndrome - Synonym(s): Minor syndrome
Oppenheim brace
Oppenheim congenital hypotonia
Oppenheim disease - Synonym(s): Oppenheim syndrome
Oppenheim gait
Oppenheim reflex - extension of the toes induced by scratching of the inner side of the leg, a sign of cerebral irritation.
Oppenheim sign - suggests pyramidal tract disease.
Oppenheim splint
Oppenheim spring wire splint
Oppenheim stroke test
Oppenheim syndrome - congenital atonic pseudoparalysis, observed especially in infants. Synonym(s): amyotonia congenita; Oppenheim disease
Ziehen-Oppenheim disease - see under Ziehen
Oppenheim's disease; amyotonia congenita congenital pseudoparalysis in infancy, due to loss of spinal nerve innervation of skeletal muscle