ampicillin


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ampicillin

 [am″pĭ-sil´in]
a broad-spectrum antibiotic, a penicillin of synthetic origin, adminsistered orally as the base or intramuscularly or intravenously as the sodium salt. It is effective against a broad spectrum of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.

am·pi·cil·lin

(am'pi-si'lin),
An acid-stable semisynthetic penicillin derived from 6-aminopenicillanic acid; it has a broader spectrum of antimicrobial action than penicillin G, inhibits the growth of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, and is not resistant to penicillinase; also available as ampicillin sodium and ampicillin trihydrate.

ampicillin

/am·pi·cil·lin/ (am″pĭ-sil´in) a semisynthetic, acid-resistant, penicillinase-sensitive penicillin used as an antibacterial against many gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria; also used as the sodium salt.

ampicillin

(ăm′pĭ-sĭl′ĭn)
n.
A broad-spectrum semisynthetic penicillin, C16H19N3O4S, that is used, often in the form of its sodium salt, to treat infections of the intestinal, urinary, and respiratory tracts.

ampicillin

[am′pəsil′in]
a semisynthetic aminopenicillin.
indication It is prescribed in the treatment of infections caused by a broad spectrum of sensitive gram-negative and gram-positive organisms.
contraindication Known hypersensitivity to any penicillin prohibits its use.
adverse effects Among the most serious adverse reactions are anaphylaxis, nausea, and diarrhea. Fever, rashes, allergic reactions, and suprainfection also may occur.

ampicillin

Infectious disease An analogue of penicillin, which inhibits crosslinking of peptidoglycan chains in the eubacterial cell wall. Ampicillin is comparable to penicillin G against gram-positive bacteria, but more active against gram-negative bacilli Adverse effects Rash, especially if Pt also receiving allopurinol or actively infected with EBV

ampicillin

A widely used penicillin antibiotic, effective by mouth and capable of killing many GRAM-NEGATIVE as well as GRAM-POSITIVE organisms. About one third of the dose is excreted unchanged in the urine. The drug precipitates a characteristic rash if given to people incubating GLANDULAR FEVER (infective mononucleosis). The drug is on the WHO official list. A brand name is Penbritin.

ampicillin

penicillin antibiotic effective against some Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms but ineffective against penicillinase-secreting bacteria; as almost all staphylococci are resistant to ampicillin, it is not the drug of choice for 'blind' treatment of infection

am·pi·cil·lin

(am'pi-si'lin)
An acid-stable semi-synthetic penicillin that inhibits the growth of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and is not resistant to penicillinase.

ampicillin (am´pisil´in),

n an acid-stable semisynthetic penicillin antibiotic with a broader spectrum of effectiveness than penicillin G.

ampicillin

an aminopenicillin of synthetic origin, susceptible to β-lactamase, with activity similar to amoxicillin but shorter duration of activity. It can be administered orally or parenterally.
References in periodicals archive ?
This shows that the addition of ampicillin sodium salt increases the charge density, and hence stronger elongation forces were imposed to the ejected jets.
Ampicillin "seems to work for us and has for many years," said coinvestigator and pharmacist Sam Borgert, also an infectious disease specialist at Shands.
The MIC of ampicillin was also at a lower concentration compared with kanamycin.
Ampicillin and Sulbactam is an injectable antibacterial combination consisting of the seminsynthetic antibiotic ampicillin sodium and the beta-lactamase inhibitor sulbactam sodium.
Selection of transconjugants was performed on Mueller-Hinton agar plates that contained sodium azide (200 [micro]g/ mL) and ampicillin (100 [micro]g/mL).
Antibiotics: The antibiotics used were: ampicillin, sulphamethoxazole and trimethoprim (Fako, Istanbul, Turkey), ampicillin+sulbactam (Bilim, Istanbul, Turkey), cephalothin (Lilly, Istanbul, Turkey), cefuroxime (GlaxoSmith Kline, Istanbul, Turkey), ceitriaxone (Deva, Istanbul, Turkey), amikacin (Mustafa Nevzat, Istanbul, Turkey) and ciprofloxacin (Bayer, Istanbul, Turkey).
Q We are a pediatric hospital and our laboratory is incorporating BAP with ampicillin and CIN agar into our stool-culture regimen.
Most infections still respond to the so called `first line' antibiotics such as ampicillin.
The study also looked at ceftriaxone and ampicillin resistance.
Her ill feelings began after she had undergone ampicillin treatment for a lung infection.