ammonium chloride


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ammonium

 [ah-mo´ne-um]
a hypothetical radical, NH4, forming salts analogous to those of the alkaline metals.
ammonium carbonate a mixture of ammonium compounds used as a liquefying expectorant in the treatment of chronic bronchitis and similar lung disorders. It is sometimes used as a reflex stimulant in “smelling salts” because of the strong ammonia odor it gives off.
ammonium chloride colorless or white crystals, with a cool, salty taste, used as an expectorant because it liquefies bronchial secretions. In the body it is changed to urea and hydrochloric acid, and thus is useful in acidifying the urine and increasing the rate of urine flow. Excessive dosage may produce acidosis.
ammonium lactate lactic acid neutralized with ammonium hydroxide, applied topically in the treatment of ichthyosis vulgaris and xerosis.

am·mo·ni·um chlo·ride

a stimulant expectorant and cholagogue; used to relieve alkalosis and to promote lead excretion; a urinary acidifier.
Synonym(s): sal ammoniac

ammonium chloride

n.
A slightly hygroscopic, white crystalline compound, NH4Cl, used in dry cells, as a soldering flux, and as an expectorant. Also called sal ammoniac.

am·mo·ni·um chlo·ride

(ă-mōnē-ŭm klōrīd)
Stimulant expectorant and cholagogue; used to relieve alkalosis and promote lead excretion and acidify urine.

ammonium chloride,

n the chlorine salt of the ammonium ion. It is a popular deliquescent agent (i.e., it attracts and absorbs water from the atmosphere).
References in periodicals archive ?
The nitrogen gas reacted with ammonium chloride to form ammonium azide, which was a candidate material to hinder further nitridation.
2008, this issue) nitrification and leaching measurements (not involving suction cups) are described following the application of ammonium chloride, and a model for N residence times in the root-zone is presented.
The ammonium sulfate and ammonium chloride sources were consistently superior in the production of biomass (Table 2).
Dallas Group of America was established in 1989 when the co-founder of a highly successful specialty chemical company originally formed in 1959 took a core group of experienced chemists, engineers, and business executives and spun-off the ammonium chloride and synthetic magnesium silicate operations.
Tenders are invited for Supply of Chemical items and Scientific equipment to SHC, Ballari : Sulphuric acid (CP), Potassium Dichromate, Sucrose (AR), Sodium Bicarbonate, Ammonium Molybdate, Potassium Antimony Tartarate, Activated Charcoal, Potassium Dihydrogen Orthophosphate (AR), Potassium Chloride (AR), Ammonium Chloride, Ethyl Alcohol, MgCl2.
05 meq/g to about 25 meq/g at a pH of from about 2 to about 11 and said cationic polymer is a polymer selected from the group consisting of alkylamine epichlorohydrin polymers, homopolymers of diallyldimethyl ammonium chloride, copolymers of diallyldimethyl ammonium chloride, and combinations thereof, in the presence of water in a washing machine with a conventional detergent as a source of anionic surfactant to form a mixture having an ACD:CCD ratio of from about 2.
The Commandant FC, Colonel Maqbool Shah said that the paramilitary force seized detonators, remote controls, ball bearings and a large amount of chemicals including potassium chloride and ammonium chloride.
In Achin district of eastern Nangarhar province, Afghan National Security Forces and ISAF discovered a narcotics and chemicals cache consisting of 220 pounds (100 kilograms) of heroin and 661 pounds (300 kilograms) of ammonium chloride, the statement said.
Ammonium chloride can be added to the minerals to help prevent urinary stones--sometimes ammonium chloride is present in goat chows, but I rarely see reason for a buck to be receiving the level of protein present in those feeds (usually around 16%).
The different nitrogen sources used were ammonium chloride (NH4Cl), sodium nitrate (NaNO3), urea [C [(N[H.