aminopenicillins

a·mi·no·pen·i·cil·lins

(ă-mē'nō-pen-i-sil'inz),
A class of penicillinlike antibiotics that contain an amine group chemically; includes ampicillin and amoxicillin; used to treat upper respiratory infections, urinary tract infections, meningitis, and Salmonella infections.

a·mi·no·pen·i·cil·lins

(ă-mē'nō-pen-i-sil'inz)
A class of penicillinlike antibiotics that includes ampicillin and amoxicillin; used to treat upper respiratory infections, meningitis, and Salmonella infections.

aminopenicillins

antibiotics which are chemically similar to penicillin G, have some activity against gram-negative bacteria and are not susceptible to acid hydrolysis. The group includes ampicillin, amoxycillin, epicillin and bacampicillin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Escherichia coli infections in chickens can usually be treated with potentiated sulfonamides, aminopenicillins, colistin, tetracyclines, spectinomycin, aminoglycosides, and enrofloxacin.
Fluoroquinolones were prescribed at 11% of visits, aminopenicillins at 7%, and cephalosporins at 7%.
aminopenicillins, sulphonamides, quinolones, cycline antibiotics) [7,12] and antiretroviral (ARV) medications (e.
cloacae are intrinsically resistant to aminopenicillins, cefazolin, and cefoxitin due to the production of ampC [beta]-lactamases (Anggakusuma et al.
In patients whose UTI acute picture has a flammy course or in whom pyelonephritis is found, aminoglycosides and third generation cefalosporins should be the primary options along with aminopenicillins.
In a survey by Sivagnanam et al (7), most used group of antibiotics in southern part of India were aminopenicillins, quinolones and cephalosporins, most commonly prescribed being amoxycillin, ciprofloxacin and co-trimoxazole.
aureus are resistant to natural penicillins, aminopenicillins, and antipseudomonal penicillins (Chambers et al.
Subclasses included aminoglycosides (kanamycin, gentamicin, streptomycin), aminopenicillins (ampicillin), [beta]-lactamase inhibitor combinations (amoxicillin-clavulanic acid), first-generation cephalosporins (cephalothin), third-generation cephalosporins (ceftriaxone), cephamycins (cefoxitin), folate pathway inhibitors (trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole), phenicols (chloramphenicol), quinolones (nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin), sulfonamides (sulfisoxazole), and tetracyclines (tetracycline).
Resistance has been reported for aminopenicillins, cephamycins, first- and second-generation cephalosporins, most aminoglycosides, and tetracyclines, among others.
Selected warfarin-antibiotic interactions and level of supporting evidence (a) Antibiotic Strength of evidence Type of evidence/comment Sulfonamides ++++ TMP-SMX probably has largest effect of all antibiotics Fluoroquinolones +++ More than 65 case reports of potentiation with ciprofloxacin Increasing evidence of levofloxacin interaction Penicillins/ Minimal evidence for penicillin cephalosporins +++ or cephalosporins Stronger evidence for potentiation by aminopenicillins (b) Strongest evidence for reduction in INR by synthetic penicillins (c) Macrolides ++ Strongest for erythromycin, which changes warfarin metabolism Retrospective analysis of azithromycin did not show clinically significant interaction (a) TMP-SMX, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole; INR, international normalized ratio.
Analgesics, aminopenicillins, cephalosporins, first-generation antihistamines, acid reducers, herbal and related extracts, and calcium and iron minerals are among the pharmaceutical chemicals expected to fare well on the open market.