alveolar periosteum


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Related to alveolar periosteum: bundle bone, lamina dura, periodontal ligament, Sharpey's fibers

per·i·o·don·ti·um

, pl.

per·i·o·don·ti·a

(per'ē-ō-don'shē-ŭm, -shē-ă), [TA]
The connective tissue that surrounds the tooth root and attaches it to its bony socket; it consists of fibers anchored in the cementum and extending into the alveolar bone; the tissues that surround and support the teeth, including the gingivae, cementum, desmodentium, periodontal fibrs, and alveolar and supporting bone.
[L. fr. peri- + G. odous, tooth]

alveolar periosteum

Etymology: L, alveolus, little hollow; Gk, peri, near, osteon, bone
a dense layer of connective tissue that lines the alveolar cavities of the upper and lower jaws, joining the bones to the horizontal fibers on the cementum of the teeth. See also periosteum.

periosteum

(per-e-os'te-um ) [Gr. periosteon ]
The fibrous membrane that forms the covering of bones except at their articular surfaces; consists of a dense external layer containing numerous blood vessels and an inner layer of connective tissue cells that function as osteoblasts when the bone is injured and then participate in new bone formation. Periosteum serves as a supporting structure for blood vessels nourishing bone and for attachment of tendons and ligaments.

alveolar periosteum

Periodontal ligament.

periosteum externum

Periosteum covering external surfaces of bones.

periosteum internum

Interior periosteum lining the marrow canal of a bone.

per·i·o·don·ti·um

, peridentium,pl. periodontia, peridentia (perē-ō-donshē-ŭm, -denshē-ŭm, -donshē-ă, -denshē-ă) [TA]
Connective tissue that surrounds tooth root and attaches it to its bony socket; consists of fibers anchored in cementum and extending into alveolar bone; tissues that surround and support teeth, including gingivae, cementum, desmodentium, periodontal fibers, and alveolar and supporting bone.
Synonym(s): alveolar periosteum, alveolodental membrane, gingivodental ligament, paradentium, peridental membrane.
[L. fr. peri- + G. odous, tooth]