alveolar nerve


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Related to alveolar nerve: dental nerve, incisive nerve, incisive nerve block

alveolar nerve

Any of the sensory nerves to the teeth; they are branches of the trigeminal nerve (CN V). The superior alveolar nerves innervate the upper teeth and gingivae; the inferior alveolar nerves innervate the lower teeth and gingivae. The anterior superior alveolar nerves, branches of the infraorbital nerve (from CN V2), run in canals in the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus and innervate the upper incisors, canines, premolars, and often part of the first molar. Sometimes there is a middle superior alveolar nerve that innervates the premolars and first molar. The posterior superior alveolar nerves (also from CN V2) innervate the rest of the upper molars. The inferior alveolar nerve (from CN V3) runs in the mandibular canal, giving off branches to the lower teeth and gingivae as it passes.
Synonym: dental nerve
See also: nerve
References in periodicals archive ?
Achieving profound mandibular anestheisa for dental procedures has always been a challenge for dentists due to the commonly used Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block having a high failure rate.
duration (month) 1 Female 50 2 Female 57 3 Male 51 4 Female 49 5 Male 60 6 Male 54 7 Male 56 8 Female 52 9 Male 58 10 Male 46 11 Female 52 12 Male 50 13 Female 44 14 Female 54 15 Male 53 KCOT: keratocystic odontogenic tumor; IAN: inferior alveolar nerve.
We have also detected paresthesia in the lower lip as a result of inferior alveolar nerve involvement in the infratemporal space infection.
Conclusion: Since there was no difference between the two procedures 4% articaine buccal infiltration can be considered a viable alternative to inferior alveolar nerve block in securing successful pulpal anesthesia for endodontic therapy.
Literature so far has hailed its merits and many practitioners regularly use the approach of coronectomy in order to minimise Inferior alveolar nerve injuries.
To this end, following the needle insertion according to the inferior alveolar nerve block technique when the needle tip reached the bone, the needle was pulled out for 1-2 mm and aspiration was performed.
Morphological variability of the human inferior alveolar nerve.
Pogrel suggested that there was no increased risk of inferior alveolar nerve damage using articaine and adverse effects were reported in proportion to its usage [Pogrel, 2007].
KEY WORDS: Inferior alveolar nerve, inferior alveolar artery, maxillary artery, infratemporal fossa.
The objective of the study was to explore functional condition of inferior alveolar nerve by fractures of mandibular angle, to estimate degree of the fracture, and to investigate the dynamics of neuro-functional recovery.