alveolar gas


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Related to alveolar gas: ideal alveolar gas, Gaseous exchange

gas

 [gas]
any elastic aeriform fluid in which the molecules are widely separated from each other and so have free paths.
alveolar gas the gas in the alveoli of the lungs, where gas exchange with the capillary blood takes place.
blood g's the partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide in blood; see blood gas analysis.
laughing gas nitrous oxide.
gas pains pains caused by distention of the stomach or intestines by accumulation of air or other gases. The presence of gas is indicated by distention of the abdomen, belching, or discharge of gas through the rectum. Gas-forming foods include highly flavored vegetables such as onions, cabbage, and turnips; members of the bean family; and fruits such as melons and raw apples. Some seasonings and other chemical irritants also produce gas.
tear gas any of various irritant vapors dispensed by aerosol and causing pain and severe lacrimation in humans; some also cause irritation of exposed mucous membranes as well as vomiting. Common ones include chloroacetophenone (CN), o-chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile (see CS), and dibenz(b,f)-1,4-oxazepine (see cr); the most common of the three is CS (also known as mace).

al·ve·o·lar gas

(symbol subscript A),
the gas in the pulmonary alveoli, where O2-CO2 exchange with pulmonary capillary blood occurs.
Synonym(s): alveolar air

alveolar gas

al·ve·o·lar gas

(al-vē'ŏ-lăr gas)
Gas symbol subscript A; the gas in the pulmonary alveoli, where O2-CO2 exchange with pulmonary capillary blood occurs.
Synonym(s): alveolar air.

gas

any elastic aeriform fluid in which the molecules are widely separated from each other and so have free paths.

alveolar gas
the gas in the alveoli of the lungs, where gaseous exchange with the capillary blood takes place. See also oxygen, carbon dioxide.
blood gas
gas bubble disease
a disease of fish in tanks in which the water is supersaturated with oxygen or nitrogen. Gas embolism develops in the gills. Air bubbles can be seen in the gills, eyes and under the skin and the fish show bizarre nervous behavior.
gas cap
a cap of gas above fluid or solid contents in a hollow viscus, e.g. in a static rumen. Seen radiologically in distended intestinal loops in paralytical ileus.
gas edema disease
gas exchange
gases move by simple diffusion in response to pressure differences; net diffusion occurs from areas of high pressure to areas of lower pressure irrespective of whether the gas is present as a gas or in solution or gases moving from gas to solution or vice versa. The rate of exchange of gases in body tissues, e.g. between alveolar space and erythrocyte, is influenced by many other factors, especially the diffusion distance and the solubility of the gas.
gas inhalation
irritant gases, e.g. manure gas, cause pulmonary edema.
laughing gas
nitrous oxide.
manure gas poisoning
see manure pit gas poisoning.
tear gas
a gas that produces severe lacrimation by irritating the conjunctivae. See lacrimator.
gas transport
relates to the efficiency of transport of gas, e.g. oxygen, by the patient as a whole. The efficiency of gas transport varies widely between normal individuals and between species, e.g. athletic breeds of horses and dogs have much faster gas transport systems than human athletes; the efficiency of gas transport in the individual depends largely on the rapidity of increase in minute ventilation, plus a similar rate of increase in cardiac output.
gas tube
References in periodicals archive ?
The placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study confirmed the drug's positive effects, including improved minute ventilation (a capacity measure of air supplied to the lungs) and decreased end-tidal carbon dioxide levels (a measure of the effectiveness of alveolar gas exchange), demonstrating a clear dose response on these respiratory parameters.