hemiplegia

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hemiplegia

 [hem″e-ple´jah]
paralysis of one side of the body; usually caused by a brain lesion, such as a tumor, or by stroke syndrome. The paralysis occurs on the side opposite the brain disorder; this is explained by the fact that motor axons from the cerebral cortex enter the medulla oblongata and form two well-defined bands known as the pyramidal tracts. The majority of the fibers in these tracts cross to the opposite side; therefore damage to the right cerebral hemisphere affects motor control of the left half of the body. See stroke syndrome for symptoms and care of the patient with hemiplegia. adj., adj hemiple´gic.

hem·i·ple·gi·a

(hem'ē-plē'jē-ă),
Paralysis of one side of the body.
[hemi- + G. plēgē, a stroke]

hemiplegia

/hemi·ple·gia/ (-ple´jah) paralysis of one side of the body.hemiple´gic
alternate hemiplegia  paralysis of one side of the face and the opposite side of the body.
cerebral hemiplegia  that due to a brain lesion.
crossed hemiplegia  alternate h.
facial hemiplegia  paralysis of one side of the face.
spastic hemiplegia  hemiplegia with spasticity of the affected muscles and increased tendon reflexes.
spinal hemiplegia  that due to a lesion of the spinal cord.

hemiplegia

(hĕm′ĭ-plē′jə, -jē-ə)
n.
Paralysis affecting only one side of the body.

hem′i·ple′gic (-plē′jĭk) adj. & n.

hemiplegia

[hem′iplē′jə]
Etymology: Gk, hemi + plege, stroke
paralysis of one side of the body. Kinds of hemiplegia include cerebral hemiplegia, facial hemiplegia, and spastic hemiplegia. Also called unilateral paralysis. Compare diplegia, paraplegia, tetraplegia. hemiplegic, adj.

hemiplegia

Neurology Complete paralysis of one side of the body. See Alternating hemiplegia.

hem·i·ple·gi·a

(hem'ē-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of one side of the body.
[hemi- + G. plēgē, a stroke]

hemiplegia

Paralysis of the right or left half of the body. This is the result of damage to one side of the main motor nerve pathways which run down from the surface of the brain to the spinal cord. Hemiplegia is a cardinal sign of STROKE but can be caused by MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, brain inflammation (ENCEPHALITIS), brain tumour or injury. The arm is usually more severely affected than the leg and the face may or may not be involved.

Hemiplegia

Paralysis of one side of the body.
Mentioned in: Cerebral Palsy

hemiplegia

paralysis of one side of the body

hemiplegia (he·mi·plēˑ·jē·),

n par-alysis that affects just one side of the body.
Enlarge picture
Hemiplegia.

hem·i·ple·gi·a

(hem'ē-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of one side of the body.
[hemi- + G. plēgē, a stroke]

hemiplegia (hem´ēplē´jēə),

n the paralysis of one side of the body.

hemiplegia

paralysis of one side of the body; usually caused by a brain lesion, such as a tumor.
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