Some medications commonly used to reduce blood pressure are diuretics, angiotension-converting enzyme inhibitors, beta-adrenergic blockers, calcium antagonists and alpha-adrenergic blockers
Nimodipine may increase the blood pressure lowering effect of concomitantly administered anti-hypertensives such as diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, other calcium channel blockers, alpha-adrenergic blockers
, PDE5 inhibitors, and alpha-methyldopa.
The use of alpha-adrenergic blockers
in the treatment of acute renal colic started in the 1970s after Malin et al.
Several general interventions assist in prevention of UI: preventing urinary tract infections and fecal impaction, controlling diabetes mellitus and heart failure, correcting hypercalemia, reducing diuretic fluids, avoiding physical or chemical restraints and managing medications that can cause UI (ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, beta- and alpha-adrenergic agonists, alpha-adrenergic blockers
, diuretics, cholinesterase inhibitors, psychotropics, narcotic analgesics and anticholinergics).
Thiazide diuretics, loop diuretics, calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, and alpha-adrenergic blockers
can promote weight gain, generally by increasing appetite.
Medications That Can Potentially Affect Continence (12) Type of Medication Potential Effects on Continence Diuretics Polyuria, frequency, urgency Antichotinergics Urinary retention, overflow Psychotropics Antidepressants Anticholinergic actions, sedation Antipsychotics Anticholinergic actions, sedation, rigidity, immobilit Sedatives/Hypnotics Sedation, delirium, immobility muscle relaxation Narcotic analgesics Urinary retention, fecal impaction, sedation, delirium Alpha-adrenergic blockers
Urethral relaxation Alpha-adrenergic agonists Urinary retention Beta-adrenergic agonists Urinary retention Calcium channel blockers Urinary retention Alcohol Polyuria, frequency, urgency, sedation, delirium,immobility