allosterism


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al·lo·ster·ism

, allostery (ă-los'ter-izm, -los'ter-ē),
The influencing of an enzyme activity, or the binding of a ligand to a protein, by a change in the conformation of the protein, brought about by the binding of a substrate or other effector at a site (allosteric site) other than the active site of the protein. Compare: cooperativity, hysteresis.

allosterism

/al·lo·ster·ism/ (-izm) allostery.

allostery

A phenomenon in which a ligand binds to a specific receptor site on a protein, changing its shape, and altering the affinity for a ligand at a second site (e.g., either a receptor or a binding site); the ability of an effector molecule (ligand) to change the conformation and activity of a protein.

In allostery, the catalytic function of an enzyme may be modified by interaction with small molecules, not only at the active site but also at a spatially distinct (allosteric) site of different specificity. Allostery refers to an interaction of two or more functional sites on a protein, or two or more proteins, resulting in altered affinity of ligand binding; it depends on dynamic interaction with a substrate or other molecule—e.g., heme-heme interaction.

al·lo·ster·ism

, allostery (al'ō-ster'izm, al'ō-ster'ē)
The influencing of an enzyme activity, or the binding of a ligand to a protein, by a change in the conformation of the protein, brought about by the binding of a substrate or other effector at a site (allosteric site) other than the active site of the protein.
Compare: hysteresis
References in periodicals archive ?
Conventional peptide therapeutics used previously known to acts as ligands to manipulate function of target protein by its specific extracellular binding, and now they also acts as inhibitory properties for intracellular protein-protein interaction through allosterism [26].