Studies have shown the beneficial effects of the use of regenerative biomaterials in augmenting the alveolus following extractions including autogenous, allogenic, xenograft, and alloplast
sources [12, 13].
Reynolds; Clinical evaluation of calcium sulphate in combination with demineralised freeze Dried bone alloplast
for the treatment of human intraosseous defects; J Periodontol; 75; 340-47;2004.
The author has developed a technique whereby the ENDURAGen alloplast
acts as a carrier for autologous auricular cartilage.
Norian CRS Bone Cement, an injectable synthetic bone alloplast
, was developed to repair wrist fractures, and latter expanded to vertebral fractures.
McPherson III, Effect of a Hydroxyapatite Tricalcium Phosphate Alloplast
on Osseous Repair in the Rat Calvarium, Journal of Periodontology, Vol.
While synthetic alloplast
products have been traditionally used, newer biologic products have been gaining traction in this market.
In general, grafts can be categorized into autogenous, allograft, alloplast
and xenograft sources.
There are three primary classes of soft tissue reinforcement and regeneration devices: allografts, xenografts, and alloplasts
There are three categories of graft and implant materials that are commonly used for rhinoplasty: autografts obtained from a patient's own tissues, homografts derived from tissues obtained from another donor, and alloplasts
that are either semisynthetic or entirely synthetic (1).
The problem of heterotopic calcification is frequently seen after placement of alloplastic materials in the TMJ, particularly when alloplasts
of Proplast/Teflon (Vitek Inc.
Surgical options have varied from ridge augmentation with alloplasts
to reconstruction with autologenous bone.
It is used as bone cement (19), (20), denture base material (21), injectable alloplasts
(22), and prosthetic material (23), (24).