allergic dermatitis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to allergic dermatitis: atopic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, Irritant contact dermatitis

allergic dermatitis

Etymology: Ger, allergie, reaction; Gk, derma, skin, itis, inflammation
a delayed type IV allergic reaction of the skin resulting from cutaneous contact with a specific allergen, with varying degrees of erythema, edema, and vesiculation. Such allergens include dyes, perfumes, poison ivy, certain chemicals, and metals. Also called allergic contact dermatitis.
enlarge picture
Allergic dermatitis from metal fastener on jeans

allergic contact dermatitis

A condition caused by cell-mediated immunity due to contact with haptens (e.g., nickel, chromates, ursodiols) in poison ivy and poison oak, synthetic chemicals, drugs, cosmetics, jewelry, neomycin ointment, etc., which may affect any body part.

Clinical findings
Often intense pruritus; erythema; intercellular oedema; papulovesicles, which with continued exposure are followed by vesiculation, rupture and oozing dermatitis.
 
Modifying factors—host
Genetic predisposition, age, route of 1º sensitisation, concomitant disease (e.g., immunocompromised, as in AIDS).
 
Modifying factors—environment
Physicochemical modulation.

Diagnosis
Patch test.
 
Management
Topical steroids.

allergic dermatitis

Inflammation of the skin following contact with any substance to which the person is allergic.

allergic

pertaining to or caused by allergy.

allergic alveolitis
allergic breakthrough
a theory which attributes temporary increases in clinical severity of atopy to influences, such as concurrent disease or hormonal variations, acting to inhibit the mechanisms which normally regulate production of IgE at low levels following sensitization.
allergic bronchitis
see bronchitis, feline bronchial asthma, pie syndrome.
allergic contact dermatitis
results from percutaneous sensitization to allergens, usually haptens, that form covalent bonds with epidermal proteins, and the development of a delayed (type IV) hypersensitivity. Lesions typically correspond in location to the area of contact between allergen and skin which in animals is often in relatively hairless areas unless the allergen is presented in liquid form.
allergic dermatitis
inflammation of the skin resulting from exposure to antigens to which the animal is hypersensitive. Usually involving immediate (type I) hypersensitivity but also commonly applied to reactions involving delayed (type IV) hypersensitivity. The specific skin reaction, lesions and pattern of disease produced depend on many factors including the type of allergen and immune mechanism, route of exposure and species differences. See also atopy, sweet itch, allergic contact dermatitis (above).
allergic encephalitis
see experimental allergic encephalomyelitis.
equine allergic dermatitis
an intensely itchy dermatitis along the back of horses caused by sensitivity to the bites of the sandfly Culicoides brevitarsus and possibly other insects. Called also sweet itch, Queensland itch.
allergic inhalant dermatitis
see atopy.
allergic reaction
an immune-mediated, adverse clinical response, following the inhalation, ingestion or injection of an antigen by a sensitized animal. Manifestations include urticaria or anaphylaxis.
allergic rhinitis
see enzootic nasal granuloma, summer snuffles.
allergic urticaria

Patient discussion about allergic dermatitis

Q. I have atopic dermatitis and its been out of control : ( i was wondering any suggestions what to do? This past year i have experienced 2 bacterial infections due to my open soars as well as a viral infection in which i was hospitalized. im so fusterated and scared i dont know what to do.. i personally dont think that creams and ointments work all that well. From what i have gathered eczema comes from the inside out? :S i also have allergies i tend to be allergic to everything environmental, animals dust, mold, as well as oral allergy syndrom to alot of foods. which is very difficult. i have been to numerous doctors and specialsist and they dont know what to do. the next step is to put me on an oral medication, sure it prevents it from coming but there are also alot of disadvantages to taking the pill. They also wanted me to go for uvb lights which are knowen to treat psriosis, which personalyy i dont feel it helps me ..realie.. eczema and psriosis are 2 totally diff skin diseases.. someone . PLEASEE HELP .. : )

A. I like the apple cider idea and hope that works for you. But I have a client who has suffered the same as you with her dermatitis and was also hospitalized with mirca staph infection. Her dr. has agreed to refer her to a mayo clinic I will come back and let you know what they do and if it works. God bless you hun and stay strong!!
it might be a while but I will come bk and let u know what they say :)

Q. My son has atopic dermatitis that is treated with topical cream. Is he in a greater risk for other diseases? My 1 year old son has atopic dermatitis. We treat him with topical cream and he is getting better. What kind of a diseases is this? Is he in a greater risk for other diseases because of his skin lesions?

A. Atopic dermatitis is an immunological disease. As a guy that has many allergies I can say that i believe the best treatment is not topical cream. You need to find what causes the allergy and to exclude it from your life. This way you prevent the disease not just treat its symptoms.

More discussions about allergic dermatitis
References in periodicals archive ?
The agent is expected to be used in the treatment of allergic dermatitis such as atopic and contact dermatitis.
The findings may also provide important clues in developing medical treatment for illnesses triggered by abnormal increases of a specific antibody, such as hay fever and allergic dermatitis, they said.
She might possibly have a form of allergic dermatitis and is reacting to something in the environment, such as house dust, house dust mites, fungi and pollens.
In the Friday session, a pair of researchers argued that amalgam, a mercury compound metal used for filling dental cavities, causes the chronic skin disease atopic dermatitis and other allergic dermatitis.
and European studies, when patients were tested for allergic dermatitis, the product was implicated in 2.
Such intense pruritus, or itching, in dogs may be caused by numerous skin diseases, from sarcoptic mange to food allergies, but the midnight scratcher was suffering from a common summer ailment called seasonal allergic dermatitis, or summer itch.
Dermatological product sales jumped 61%, particularly on the strength of Allermyl(R) and the initial success of the recently launched GENESIS(TM) Topical Spray for allergic dermatitis.
Studies in models of allergic dermatitis have demonstrated that CRTH2 antagonists reduce accumulation of leukocytes, tissue swelling and production of cytokines, chemokines and IgE.
Flea control is critical to maintaining good pet health, as fleas can cause anemia and allergic dermatitis, and can also transmit bacteria and other parasites to dogs and cats.

Full browser ?