benzene

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benzene

 [ben´zēn]
a liquid hydrocarbon, C6H6, obtained mainly as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of coal, used as a solvent. It is irritant, toxic, and carcinogenic.
benzene hexachloride (BHC) a chlorinated hydrocarbon; one isomer, gamma benzene hexachloride (lindane) is used as an insecticide, to kill lice.

ben·zene

(ben'zēn), Do not confuse this word with benzine.
The basic six-carbon ring structure in most aromatic compounds; a highly toxic hydrocarbon from light coal tar oil; used as a solvent.
Synonym(s): benzol, coal tar naphtha
[benzoin, + -ene]

benzene

/ben·zene/ (ben´zēn) a liquid hydrocarbon, C6H6, from coal tar; used as a solvent. It is toxic by transdermal absorption, ingestion, or inhalation; chronic exposure may cause bone marrow depression and aplasia and leukemia.
benzene hexachloride  (BHC) a chlorinated hydrocarbon, C6H6Cl6, having numerous isomers; the gamma isomer is lindane.

benzene

(bĕn′zēn′, bĕn-zēn′)
n.
A colorless, flammable, toxic, liquid aromatic hydrocarbon, C6H6, derived from petroleum and used in or to manufacture a wide variety of chemical products, including DDT, detergents, insecticides, and motor fuels. Also called benzol.

benzene

[ben′zēn]
a colorless, highly flammable liquid hydrocarbon (C6H6) originally derived by fractional distillation of coal tar. It is now derived by catalytic reforming during petroleum refining. The prototypical aromatic compound, it is used in the production of various organic compounds, including pharmaceuticals.

benzene

A volatile, flammable hydrocarbon by-product of destructive coal distillation, which is present in coal tar; it is the simplest aromatic compound. Benzene is an organic solvent, and is both toxic—in particular to mucocutaneous surfaces—and carcinogenic; chronic exposure to benzene is linked to bone marrow depression, aplastic anaemia, and acute myelogenous leukaemia, one-fourth of which are preceded by pancytopenia and/or peripheral neuropathies.

Benzene

A colorless volatile flammable toxic liquid hydrocarbon used as a solvent and as a motor fuel.
Mentioned in: Myelofibrosis

benzene

a liquid hydrocarbon, C6H6, from coal tar; used as a solvent.

benzene hexachloride
a chlorinated hydrocarbon. The gamma isomer was used extensively as an insecticide. Called also Gammexane, lindane.
benzene hexachloride poisoning
benzene ring
the closed hexagon of carbon atoms in benzene, from which the different benzene compounds are derived by replacement of the hydrogen atoms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 74: Spanish Historic Review for Benzene by End-Use Segment - Ethylbenzene for the Styrenics Industry, Cumene for the Phenolics Industry, Nitrobenzene for the Aniline Industry, Alkylbenzene and Others Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Thousand Metric Tons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-48
Linear alkylbenzene sulfonic acids and alkylate bottoms are currently being reviewed by the OECD SIDS program.
12-16] fatty alcohol Alkyl Benzenesulfonate (LAS) Sodium salt of a high 2-phenyl alkylbenzene sulfonate Alcohol Ethoxylate (AE) [C.
The line includes numerous grades of MIGLYOL(R) emollients and gelled oils; SOFTIGEN(R) superfatting agent, DYNASAN(R) monoacid triglycerides; SOFTISAN(R) triglycerideL(R) and NAFOL(R) linear primary alcohol homologincluding linear alkylbenzene, fatty alcohols, well as other consumer products.
444 Ethene Markets in China 527 Ethyl Acetate Markets in China 582 Ethylbenzene Markets in China 402 Ethylene Glycol (EG) Markets in China 679 Ethylene Oxide Markets in China 673 Formaldehyde Markets in China 583 Formic Acid, Acetic Acid and Metacetonic Acid Markets in China 625 Gelatin Markets in China 418 Glacial Acetic Acid Markets in China 521 Glycerin Markets in China 447 Insulin Markets in China 763 Linear Alkylbenzene (LAB) Markets in China 318 MDI and TDI Markets in China 439 Methionine Markets in China 442 Methyl Ethyl Ketone Markets in China 508 Methyl Isobutyl Ketone (MIBK) Markets in China 681 Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE) Markets in China 413 Methylbenzene Markets in China 485 Methyul Methacrylate (PMMA) Markets in China 514 N,N-dimethylformamide Markets in China
In a presentation on advances in alkyl benzene sulfonate surfactants, several researchers from Procter & Gamble, detailed the benefits of modified linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (MLAS).
CONDEA is a leading supplier of surface active agents and ingredients (n-parrafins, n-olefins, fatty alcohols, linear alkylbenzene, surfactants).
Huntsman: Janice Mabe has been named director, surfactant intermediates, responsible for profit growth of Huntsman's surfactants intermediates, including linear alkylbenzene, ethanolamines, alkylphenols and alcohols.
LAB market: Application Analysis Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate (LAS) Heavy-duty laundry liquids Laundry powders Light-duty dishwashing liquids Industrial cleaners Household cleaners Others (Agricultural herbicides, ink solvent, emulsifying agent, anti hygroscopic additives, neutrino detectors, paint industry and electric cable oil)
The Asia/Pacific region is the largest and fastest growing LAB-consuming region worldwide, accounting for 38% of the global alkylbenzene demand in 1999.
2 million ton global market for linear alkylbenzene (LAB) is projected to grow at a rate of 2.
The article, "Environmental Safety of the Use of Major Surfactant Classes in North America," brings together over 250 published and unpublished studies on the environmental properties, fate and toxicity of the four major, high-volume surfactant classes and relevant feedstocks: alcohol sulfate (AS), alcohol ethoxysulfate (AES), linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS), alcohol ethoxylate (AE), and long-chain alcohol (LCOH).