alkali

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al·ka·li

, pl.

alkalies

,

al·ka·lis

(al'kă-lī, al'kă-līz),
1. A strongly basic substance yielding hydroxide ions (OH- in solution); for example, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide.
2. Synonym(s): base (3)
3. Synonym(s): alkali metal
[Ar., al, the, + qalīy, soda ash]

alkali

/al·ka·li/ (al´kah-li) any of a class of compounds with pH greater than 7.0, which form soluble soaps with fatty acids, turn red litmus blue, and form soluble carbonates, e.g., hydroxides or carbonates of sodium or potassium.

alkali

[al′kəlī]
Etymology: Ar, al + galiy, wood ash
a compound with the chemical characteristics of a base. Usually used with reference to hydroxides of Group I metals and ammonium, alkalis combine with fatty acids to form soaps, turn red litmus blue, and enter into reactions with carbon dioxide that form water-soluble carbonates. See also acid, base. -alkaline, adj., alkalinity, n., alkalinize, alkalize, v.

al·ka·li

, pl. alkalies, pl. alkalis (al'kă-lī, -līz)
1. A strongly basic substance yielding hydroxide ions (OH-) in solution; e.g., sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide.
2. Synonym(s): base (3) .
3. Synonym(s): alkali metal.
[Ar., al, the, + qalīy, soda ash]

alkali

a soluble BASE or a solution of a base.

alkali

strongly basic substance yielding hydroxide (OH-) ions in solution, e.g. potassium hydroxide (KOH); sodium hydroxide (NaOH)

alkali,

n a compound able to form hydroxyl ions (OH) when dissolved in aqueous solutions. See also base.

al·ka·li

, pl. alkalies, pl. alkalis (al'kă-lī, -līz)
1. A strongly basic substance yielding hydroxide ions (OH-) in solution; e.g., sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide.
2. Synonym(s): base (3) .
3. Synonym(s): alkali metal.
[Ar., al, the, + qalīy, soda ash]

alkali (al´kəlī),

n a strong water-soluble base. A chemical substance that, in aqueous solution, undergoes dissociation, resulting in the formation of hydroxyl (OH) ions.

alkali

any one of a class of compounds such as sodium hydroxide that form salts with acids and soaps with fats; a base, or substance capable of neutralizing acids. Other properties include a bitter taste and the ability to turn litmus paper from red to blue. Alkalis play a vital role in maintaining the normal functioning of the body chemistry. See also acid-base balance, alkaline, base.

alkali disease
see selenium poisoning.
alkali reserve
the ability of the combined buffer systems of the blood to neutralize acid. The pH of the blood normally is slightly on the alkaline side, between 7.35 and 7.45. Since the principal buffer in the blood is bicarbonate, the alkali reserve is essentially represented by the plasma bicarbonate concentration. However, hemoglobin, phosphates and other bases also act as buffers. A lowered alkali reserve means a state of acidosis; increased reserve indicates alkalosis. Alkali reserve is measured by the combining power of carbon dioxide, which is the amount of carbon dioxide that can be bound as bicarbonate by the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
Precipitation over a greater temperature range in the alkali basalts yields more variation in the Fo contents (BVSP, 1981, p.
Le Bas (1962) showed that lower magmatic Si contents in alkali basalts, when compared to tholeiites, can cause more Al to substitute for Si in augite tetrahedral sites.
Higher alkali-metal concentrations in alkali basalts result in plagiodases having higher [K.
As the plate moves over the plume tall, melting percentages and magma production drop as alkali basalts and their differentiates appear during the post-shield stage.
Classic experiments by Yoder and Tilley in the 1960's showed that Ne-normative alkali basalts are probably not related to tholeiitic basalts by differentiation because of a low-pressure thermal divide approximately coinciding with the Ol--Ab join in the basalt tetrahedron (Fig.
230]Th, differentiation of alkali basalt to form trachyte in deep magma chambers (e.
1999, Evidence for volatile-influenced differentiation in a layered alkali basalt flow, Penghu Islands, Taiwan: Bulletin of Volcanology, v.
Import/export of alkalis and chlorine is also looked at.
Alkali, water and fluidity effect on mechanical properties of alkali-activated materials on base fly ash.
Properties of alkali activated materials suitable for normalized test.