alkaline reserve


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Related to alkaline reserve: alkali reserve

reserve

 [re-zerv´]
1. to hold back for future use.
2. a supply beyond that ordinarily used, for use in an emergency.
alkali reserve (alkaline reserve) see alkali reserve.
cardiac reserve an increase in cardiac output related to an increase in heart rate or stroke volume to meet body requirements.

alkaline reserve

the additional amount of sodium bicarbonate that the body produces to maintain a normal arterial pH (7.35 to 7.45) when the carbon dioxide level increases as a result of hypoventilation. The alkaline reserve is maintained by the kidneys, which control the excretion of bicarbonate ions in urine.

alkaline reserve

The amount of base in the blood, principally bicarbonates, available for neutralization of fixed acids (acetoacetate, ß-hydroxybutyrate, and lactate). A fall in alkaline reserve is called acidosis; a rise, alkalosis.
Synonym: alkali reserve
See also: reserve