toxemia

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toxemia

 [tok-se´me-ah]
1. the condition resulting from the spread of bacterial products (toxins) by the bloodstream.
2. a name formerly used to indicate a pregnancy-related syndrome typified by edema, proteinuria, and hypertension that was thought to be due to a toxin released by the mother in response to a foreign protein of the developing fetus. adj., adj toxe´mic.
toxemia of pregnancy former name for preeclampsia-eclampsia syndrome.

tox·e·mi·a

(tok-sē'mē-ă),
1. Clinical manifestations observed during certain infectious diseases, assumed to be caused by toxins and other noxious substances elaborated by the infectious agent; in certain infections by gram-negative bacteria, endotoxins probably play a role when the bacterial cell wall breaks down, releasing a complex lipopolysaccharide; however, the role of other bacterial substances is unclear, except in the case of the specific exotoxins such as those of diphtheria and tetanus.
2. The clinical syndrome caused by toxic substances in the blood.
3. A lay term referring to the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.
Synonym(s): toxicemia
[G. toxikon, poison, + haima, blood]

toxemia

/tox·emia/ (tok-se´me-ah)
1. the condition resulting from the spread of bacterial products (toxins) by the bloodstream.
2. a condition resulting from metabolic disturbances, e.g., toxemia of pregnancy.toxe´mic

toxemia

(tŏk-sē′mē-ə)
n.
A condition in which the blood contains toxins produced by body cells at a local source of infection or derived from the growth of microorganisms. Also called blood poisoning.

tox·e′mic adj.

toxemia

[toksē′mē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, toxikon, poison, haima, blood
the presence of bacterial toxins in the bloodstream. Also spelled toxaemia. Also called septicemia. See also preeclampsia. toxemic, adj.

toxemia

Gynecology A condition in which HTN and fluid retention occur late in pregnancy. See Preeclampsia.

tox·e·mi·a

(tok-sē'mē-ă )
1. Clinical manifestations observed during certain infectious diseases, assumed to be caused by toxins and other noxious substances elaborated by the infectious agent.
2. The clinical syndrome caused by toxic substances in the blood.
3. A lay term referring to the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.
Synonym(s): toxaemia.
[G. toxikon, poison, + haima, blood]

Toxemia

Poisoning of the blood.
Mentioned in: Colonic Irrigation

toxemia (täk·sēˑ·mē·),

n the presence of bacterial toxins in the bloodstream. Also called
blood poisoning.
toxemia of pregnancy,
n condition encountered in pregnancy charac-terized by high blood pressure, proteinuria, and edema. May precede the onset of seizures (eclampsia). Also called
preeclampsia.

tox·e·mi·a

(tok-sē'mē-ă )
1. Clinical manifestations observed during some infectious diseases, assumed to be caused by toxins and other noxious substances elaborated by infectious agent.
2. Clinical syndrome caused by toxic substances in blood.
[G. toxikon, poison, + haima, blood]

toxemia (toksē´mēə),

n an abnormal condition in which there are toxic substances present in the blood.

toxemia

1. the condition resulting from the spread of bacterial products (toxins) by the bloodstream.
2. a condition resulting from metabolic disturbances.
Clinically there is depression, lethargy, separation from the group, reduced appetite, slow growth, poor production, low fecal output, weak pulse of normal rate, hemic murmur, weakness, albuminuria. There may be localizing signs such as pressure by an abscess. See also toxemic shock.

alimentary toxemia
toxemia due to absorption from the alimentary canal of chemical poisons generated therein; a form of autointoxication.
pregnancy toxemia
see pregnancy toxemia.