Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
Related to alcoholic fermentation: Lactic acid fermentation
the anaerobic formation of ethanol and CO2 from d-glucose. Compare: Gay-Lussac equation.
the conversion of carbohydrates to ethyl alcohol.
Production of ethyl alcohol from carbohydrates, usually through the action of yeasts.
See also: fermentation
alcoholic fermentationa type of CELLULAR RESPIRATION found in plants and some unicells which does not require oxygen, and that results in the production of ethanol (an alcohol) from GLUCOSE and the release of small amounts of energy. The main details are described under ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION but, briefly, fermentation involves GLYCOLYSIS to produce PYRUVIC ACID and then (in the absence of oxygen) the breakdown of pyruvic acid to ethanol via ethanal with the release of CO2 .
See also Fig. 34 .