alcohol withdrawal syndrome

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alcohol withdrawal syndrome

the clinical symptoms associated with cessation of alcohol consumption. These may include tremor, hallucinations, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, and seizures. See also delirium tremens.

alcohol withdrawal syndrome

The neurological, psychiatric, and cardiovascular signs and symptoms that result when a person accustomed to consuming large quantities of alcohol suddenly becomes abstinent. Alcohol withdrawal usually follows a predictable pattern. In the first hours of abstinence, patients are often irritable, anxious, tremulous, and easily startled. Their blood pressure and pulse rise, but they remain alert and oriented. If they do not consume alcohol (or receive drug treatment) in the first 12 to 48 hours, they may suffer an alcohol withdrawal seizure. Abstinence for 72 to 96 hours may result in severe agitation, hallucinations, and marked fluctuations in blood pressure and pulse. This stage of withdrawal is known as delirium tremens, or alcoholic delirium; it may prove fatal in as many as 15% of patients. Synonym: alcohol withdrawal See: chronic alcoholism; delirium tremens

Patient care

Benzodiazepines, e.g., chlordiazepoxide, are the preferred agents for managing alcohol withdrawal although other agents, e.g., carbamazepine, may be useful in treating mild cases. The patient should be comforted and reoriented as needed. Familiar objects and people may aid reality orientation. Every effort should be made to prevent unintentional injury; bedrails should be padded to protect against seizures and trauma, and patients should be protected from falling. Excessive stimulation of the patient should be avoided. Patients who are suffering delirium tremens are typically cared for in an Intensive Care Unit, where minute-to-minute monitoring of vitals signs and invasive management is readily available.

alcohol withdrawal syndrome

A group of symptoms and signs that develop within 6–24 hours of taking the last drink in a person suffering from ALCOHOLISM. They include agitation, anxiety, tremors, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, sweating, insomnia, disorientation, grand mal seizures and delirium tremens. Treatment involves sedation, counselling, reassurance and social support. Benzodiazepine drugs are currently favoured. Attention is given to nutrition and especially to vitamin B deficiencies. PSYCHOTROPIC ANALGESIC NITROUS OXIDE has been used to good effect in many patients.

Patient discussion about alcohol withdrawal syndrome

Q. ALCOHOL WITHDRAWAL what are the symtoms of it?

A. thank you dagmar--i hope this answer will help people to understand what this drug can do to you---peace---mrfoot56

More discussions about alcohol withdrawal syndrome
References in periodicals archive ?
Kindling as a model for the alcohol withdrawal syndromes.
From the data gathered, the team looks for clues that might identify the patient for risk of alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
The team had two major goals: (1) to create and establish a mechanism for identifying patients at risk for alcohol withdrawal syndrome early in their hospital stay, and (2) to establish a standardized approach for assessing and treating patients identified as being at risk for alcohol withdrawal.
Utilization of the standard orders was reviewed on all patients identified as "at risk" for alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
Institution of a protocol for assessing patients at risk for alcohol withdrawal syndrome and a standardized treatment protocol has demonstrated several advantages.
The purposes of this article are to briefly review the alcohol withdrawal syndrome and report on the protocol's effectiveness in reducing adverse outcomes among acutely ill adults hospitalized for reasons other than alcohol withdrawal.
Daryanani HE, Santolaria FJ, Reimers EG et al: Alcohol withdrawal syndrome and seizures.
Newman JP, Terris DJ, Moore M: Trends in the management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
Hyperventilation, anxiety, craving for alcohol: A subacute alcohol withdrawal syndrome.

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