alcohol withdrawal syndrome


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alcohol withdrawal syndrome

the clinical symptoms associated with cessation of alcohol consumption. These may include tremor, hallucinations, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, and seizures. See also delirium tremens.

alcohol withdrawal syndrome

The neurological, psychiatric, and cardiovascular signs and symptoms that result when a person accustomed to consuming large quantities of alcohol suddenly becomes abstinent. Alcohol withdrawal usually follows a predictable pattern. In the first hours of abstinence, patients are often irritable, anxious, tremulous, and easily startled. Their blood pressure and pulse rise, but they remain alert and oriented. If they do not consume alcohol (or receive drug treatment) in the first 12 to 48 hours, they may suffer an alcohol withdrawal seizure. Abstinence for 72 to 96 hours may result in severe agitation, hallucinations, and marked fluctuations in blood pressure and pulse. This stage of withdrawal is known as delirium tremens, or alcoholic delirium; it may prove fatal in as many as 15% of patients. Synonym: alcohol withdrawal See: chronic alcoholism; delirium tremens

Patient care

Benzodiazepines, e.g., chlordiazepoxide, are the preferred agents for managing alcohol withdrawal although other agents, e.g., carbamazepine, may be useful in treating mild cases. The patient should be comforted and reoriented as needed. Familiar objects and people may aid reality orientation. Every effort should be made to prevent unintentional injury; bedrails should be padded to protect against seizures and trauma, and patients should be protected from falling. Excessive stimulation of the patient should be avoided. Patients who are suffering delirium tremens are typically cared for in an Intensive Care Unit, where minute-to-minute monitoring of vitals signs and invasive management is readily available.

alcohol withdrawal syndrome

A group of symptoms and signs that develop within 6–24 hours of taking the last drink in a person suffering from ALCOHOLISM. They include agitation, anxiety, tremors, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, sweating, insomnia, disorientation, grand mal seizures and delirium tremens. Treatment involves sedation, counselling, reassurance and social support. Benzodiazepine drugs are currently favoured. Attention is given to nutrition and especially to vitamin B deficiencies. PSYCHOTROPIC ANALGESIC NITROUS OXIDE has been used to good effect in many patients.

Patient discussion about alcohol withdrawal syndrome

Q. ALCOHOL WITHDRAWAL what are the symtoms of it?

A. thank you dagmar--i hope this answer will help people to understand what this drug can do to you---peace---mrfoot56

More discussions about alcohol withdrawal syndrome
References in periodicals archive ?
In January 2011, a diagnosis of rabies was considered in a Wisconsin man with encephalopathy who was hospitalized for treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
Kindling as a model for the alcohol withdrawal syndromes.
The nurse also collects information on alcohol-related injuries or alcohol-related illnesses within the past year Hospital admissions for unrelated conditions and elective surgery can be precipitating events for the cessation of alcohol consumption and may unexpectedly result in alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
Clinical assessment and pharmacotherapy of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
Alcohol abuse has many associated medical problems, including the well-described alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS).
Risk factors for delirium tremens in patients with alcohol withdrawal syndrome in a hospital setting.
As previously noted, increased anxiety represents a significant component of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
chlordiazepoxide in the management of acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
Gallimberti L, Canton C, Gentile N, et al: Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid for treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) occurs when regular consumption of alcohol over an extended period of time either ceases or decreases abruptly.

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