alcohol poisoning


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Related to alcohol poisoning: alcohol withdrawal, Blood alcohol level

alcohol poisoning

poisoning caused by the ingestion of any of several alcohols, of which ethyl, isopropyl, and methyl are the most common. Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) is found in beverages, hairspray, and mouthwashes; ordinarily, it is lethal only if large quantities are ingested in a brief period. Isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol is more toxic. Methyl alcohol (methanol) is extremely poisonous: in addition to nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain, it may cause blindness; death may follow the consumption of only 2 oz. Treatment for alcohol poisoning may include gastric lavage and other supportive interventions.

alcohol

1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (−OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two or three −OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. common name for ethyl alcohol (ethanol). See also alcoholic.

absolute alcohol
ethyl alcohol free from water and impurities.
complex plant alcohol
includes cicutoxin, oenanthotoxin, tremetol, all toxic, causing heavy mortalities and signs including incoordination, tremor, convulsions, vomiting.
denatured alcohol
ethyl alcohol made unfit for consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a cooling agent and skin disinfectant.
ethoxylate alcohol detergents
alcohols containing an ethyl radical with an attached oxygen group; used in the treatment and prevention of ruminal bloat.
ethyl alcohol
a transparent, colorless, mobile, volatile liquid miscible with water, ether or chloroform, and obtained by the fermentation of carbohydrate with yeast. It is the major ingredient of alcoholic beverages consumed by humans. Called also ethanol and grain alcohol. It is used in veterinary medicine in the preparation of mixtures for topical application and for skin disinfection.
grain alcohol
see ethyl alcohol (above).
isopropyl alcohol
a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a rubbing compound. Called also isopropanol.
methyl alcohol
a mobile, colorless liquid used as a solvent. Called also wood alcohol or methanol. It is a useful fuel, but is poisonous if taken internally. Consumption may lead to blindness or death.
alcohol nerve block
permanent anesthesia to a part can be produced by blocking the relevant nerve with isopropyl alcohol. Adverse effects are likely due to continued loss of sensation and motor power.
alcohol poisoning
in animals this does not present the social problems that it does in humans even in cattle and sheep fed on brewer's grains and distiller's solubles. Ethyl alcohol is produced in some feeds which are fermented accidentally, but overt alcohol poisoning is not recorded. Carbohydrate engorgement is a more likely occurrence. Isopropyl alcohol is an end product of ketone body degradation in the rumen in cattle and does cause signs of inebriation in cows with nervous acetonemia.
Small companion animals are sometimes exposed to toxic levels of ethyl alcohol by owners and it may be readily consumed. Excessive amounts can lead to vomiting, various levels of central nervous system depression, including excitement, seizures and respiratory depression.
wood alcohol
methyl alcohol.

Patient discussion about alcohol poisoning

Q. Does anyone know an over the counter alternative to Lovaza, omega-3 acid ethyl esters? too expensive at Dr

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More discussions about alcohol poisoning
References in periodicals archive ?
The ATK examined the bodies of the five victims which had been regarded as "suspicious deaths" and discovered that they died of methyl alcohol poisoning, according to Turkish media reports.
That sort of reading would suggest the person is in fact in danger of dying from alcohol poisoning.
The report showed that three-quarters of alcohol poisoning deaths each year involve adults 35 to 64 years old.
Arias highlighted findings from a study of alcohol poisoning among people aged 15 and older that coauthor Dr.
Alcohol poisoning death rates vary widely across states, from 46.
He collapsed with alcohol poisoning and died later in hospital.
Moreover, on of one the occasions, Scott was hospitalized for alcohol poisoning.
A MAN from Droitwich who had been playing drinking games while on holiday in Crete died from alcohol poisoning, an inquest has heard.
The beehived diva died at her Camden home in July 2011 from accidental alcohol poisoning.
According to the Sun, Mitch said that his daughter, who died due of alcohol poisoning in 2011, is always standing next to him when he goes on stage and added that he can feel and sense her around him all the time, the Daily Star reported.
This study examined the prevalence and characteristics of students who could correctly discriminate signs of alcohol poisoning from other physiological complaints.

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