Regional and international travel and migration patterns have also been implicated in malaria incidence across the globe, including reports of so-called airport malaria
, refugee outbreaks, and cases in migrant populations (9-12).
ovale (Stephens 1922) which occurred in central Spain in 2001, although airport malaria
cannot be ruled out in this case due to the proximity of the patient's residence to two international airports (13).
Malaria transmission very rarely occurs outside malaria transmission areas--in the form of Odyssean or airport malaria
, or needle and transfusion malaria.
Runway malaria is an example of imported malaria, while examples of odyssean malaria include airport malaria
, baggage malaria, luggage malaria, suitcase malaria, container malaria, port malaria, taxi rank malaria and minibus malaria.
Origin and prevention of airport malaria
Three components contribute to an optimum diagnostic outcome: awareness, which includes taking an adequate travel history and also remembering that malaria transmission occasionally occurs outside endemic areas (Odyssean or airport malaria
, and needle and transfusion malaria); clinical astuteness and experience; and laboratory tests.
The patient lives 4 and 18 km away from international airports, within the radius of other previously reported airport malaria
The intercontinental transfer of malaria can occur through the introduction of an infective vector into a nonendemic-disease area, as in so-called airport malaria, [ILLEGIBLE TEXT] through the movement of a parasitemic person to a nonendemic-disease area, as [ILLEGIBLE TEXT] imported malaria.
In temperate climates, temperature and humidity can be favorable in the for the mosquito not only to survive but also to move around and perhaps lay egg the enormous and continuing increase in air traffic, cases of airport malaria may increase.
During a hot summer in 1994, six cases of airport malaria were identified in and Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle Airport (30).