airborne isolation

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Related to airborne isolation: contact isolation

airborne isolation

Any of the techniques used in addition to standard precautions to decrease transmission of infectious agents less than 5 µ in size or those attached to dust particles. Synonym: airborne precaution

Patient care

Patients are placed in a private room, preferably one with negative air pressure and between 6 and 12 changes of air each hour. Hospital workers should wear respirator masks when in the room. If transport is necessary, the patient should wear a surgical mask. Patients with diseases such as active tuberculosis, SARS, varicella, and measles are placed on airborne precautions.

See also: isolation
References in periodicals archive ?
2,7,8) According to the Canadian TB Standards (CTBS), for patients with smear-negative respiratory TB, airborne isolation may be discontinued after 2 weeks of appropriate multi-drug therapy, provided that the patient is improving clinically.
Hospitalization is an especially important consideration when the patient is highly infectious, since ensuring airborne isolation is often not feasible outside hospitals or other appropriate institutions.

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