air leak syndrome

air leak syndrome

A condition characterised by alveolar or airway rupture into the pulmonary interstitium, typically accompanied by escape of air into regional tissues, including the pleura, mediastinum, subcutaneous tissues or abdominal cavity; it is more common in children.

Aetiology
Overdistention of lungs, uneven ventilation, chemical injury, trauma, Valsalva manoeuvre, idiopathic (spontaneous).

Predisposing factors
Respiratory distress syndrome, immaturity of lungs, positive pressure ventilation, foetal distress/asphyxia, botched intubation, atelectasis, resuscitation, tracheal suctioning, pneumonia including aspiration pneumonia.
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of the District of Columbia) includes information and illustrations on acute and infant respiratory distress syndromes, asthma, chronic lung disease of the newborn, cystic fibrosis, upper airway inflammatory diseases, bronchiolitis, air leak syndromes, congenital heart disease, and neuromuscular diseases, including how to adapt equipment to neonate or pediatric patients.