agrobacterium


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agrobacterium

(ăg′rō-băk-tîr′ē-əm)
n. pl. agrobac·teria (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various aerobic, chiefly phytopathogenic bacteria of the genus Agrobacterium, especially A. tumefaciens, the cause of crown gall in plants. A. tumefaciens is used to construct transgenic plants because it transfers genetic material to plant cells when it infects them.

Agrobacterium

an environmental gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacillus. A. tumefaciens has been implicated in health care-associated urinary tract infections, peritonitis, wound infections, prosthetic valve endocarditis, and sepsis.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Pathway Tools software identified the metabolic roles of 709 Agrobacterium enzymes in 178 metabolic pathways.
MNH-93 (a good yielding local cotton variety but susceptible to lepidopterans insect pests) was transformed with Bacillus thuriengenesis gene (cry1Ab) using Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain C58[C.
The Agrobacterium transformation process was first invented by Monsanto scientists in the early 1980s.
The process of gene transfer from one organism to other requires a proper vector and Agrobacterium is playing a very important role in this venture.
They then inserted this gene into the bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
Volume two in this two-volume set contains 35 of the 59 plant protocols for genetically transforming plants through the introduction of Agrobacterium DNA.
Bioassays consisted of the Agrobacterium tumefaciens-induced potato tumor assay and a Kirby-Bauer microbial sensitivity assay with pure strains of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Streptococcus pyogenes.
These include GM Agrobacterium radiobacter k1026, used to prevent crown gall disease in fruit and vegetables, and Pseudomonas fluorescens modified from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt).
Agrobacterium tumefaciens Cereon circular chromosome (Goodner et al.
By utilizing an A Agrobacterium urn vector (C58 or LBA4404), we are capable of super-infecting the plants in vitro by exposing their leaves to the transformed vector.