agrobacterium


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Related to agrobacterium: Rhizobium

agrobacterium

(ăg′rō-băk-tîr′ē-əm)
n. pl. agrobac·teria (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various aerobic, chiefly phytopathogenic bacteria of the genus Agrobacterium, especially A. tumefaciens, the cause of crown gall in plants. A. tumefaciens is used to construct transgenic plants because it transfers genetic material to plant cells when it infects them.

Agrobacterium

an environmental gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacillus. A. tumefaciens has been implicated in health care-associated urinary tract infections, peritonitis, wound infections, prosthetic valve endocarditis, and sepsis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Transformation of plasmid DNA into Agrobacterium: For transformation of plasmid DNA competent Agrobacterium cells were prepared as described by Sambrook and Russel (2001).
1984) Grapevine cuttings as potential sites of survival and means of dissemination of Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
High efficiency transgene segregation in co-transformed maize plants using an Agrobacterium tumefaciens 2 T-DNA binary system.
T- DNA integration into genomic DNA of rice following Agrobacterium inoculation of isolated shoot apices.
However, in spite of having used the same infiltration conditions with Agrobacterium, blue staining was not obtained in adult plants from cuttings for either of the two varieties of cassava used (data not shown).
The other method of great importance in transgenesis is bioballistics (bombardment of cells with micro-projectiles), which occurred because the Agrobacterium tumefaciens bacteria was unable to function in monocotyledonous species, which constitute an important group of cereals.
Efficient regeneration and Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated transformation of recalcitrant sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.
rhizogenese were isolated from other species of Agrobacterium.
But if we don't use that agrobacterium, then there's a much lower risk of causing damage to agriculture.
These are inserted into soil bacteria called Agrobacterium, which has the special ability of being able to integrate some of its DNA into a plant's genome.