aflatoxins


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Related to aflatoxins: ergotism, Ochratoxins

aflatoxins

[af′lātok′sins]
Etymology: Gk, a, not; L, flavus, yellow; Gk, toxikon, poison
a group of carcinogenic and toxic factors produced by Aspergillus flavus food molds. The mycotoxins cause liver necrosis and liver cancer in laboratory animals and are believed to be responsible for a high incidence of liver cancer among people in tropical regions of Africa and Asia who may consume moldy grains, peanuts, or other Aspergillus-contaminated foods.

aflatoxins

Poisonous fungal products produced by Aspergillus flavus which grows on peanuts and grains stored in damp conditions. Aflatoxins act by binding to enzymes so that cell metabolism is blocked. If the fungus is eaten by cattle, the toxins can be released in the milk. Afflatoxins are believed to be a cause of primary liver cancer in people, especially those who have had HEPATITIS B.

aflatoxins (af´lətok´sins),

n.pl a group of carcinogenic and toxic factors produced by
Aspergillus flavus food molds.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mokdad explained that while some fungus and mold may be visible to the consumer, the presence of aflatoxins is not detectable.
Studies carried out in The Gambia, Guinea, Kenya, Benin, Togo, and Senegal, revealed that about 85% to 100% of children had either detectable levels of serum aflatoxin albumin adducts or urinary aflatoxins [19].
The likely contamination of complementary food ingredients with aflatoxins and fumonisins, and the demonstrated adverse effects on animal and human health, supports the need to investigate whether these myco-toxins are associated with child growth impairment in Tanzania.
Exposure to aflatoxins may also induce depletion of hepatic vitamin A stores, result in depressed hepatic blood perfusion in chicks, and lead to a decreased antibody response.
Aflatoxins are one of the most potent toxic substances that occur naturally.
of isolates producing aflatoxins in the peanut-growing region of
Aflatoxins, which withstand cooking, occasionally cause rapid, deadly poisonings in people who have eaten heavily contaminated foods.
Samples taken by the City of Nottingham Council and Derby City Council have confirmed high levels of aflatoxins in a batch of the brand MDH's 'Deggi Mirch chilly powder'.
Tests have found a batch of MDH Deggi Mirch chilli powder to be contaminated with an aflatoxin at a level exceeding EU legal limits.
Reference values for additional vitamins, protein, calories, aflatoxins, amino acids, etc.
The company's technology provides an instant, non-invasive detection of pathogens and poisons, including Aflatoxins, Anthrax, smallpox and other harmful chemical and biological agents.