afferent loop syndrome


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Related to afferent loop syndrome: dumping syndrome, Blind loop syndrome

afferent

 [af´er-ent]
1. conveying toward a center; called also centripetal. See also efferent and corticipetal.
2. something that so conducts, as an afferent fiber or nerve.
afferent loop syndrome chronic partial obstruction of the proximal loop (duodenum and jejunum) after gastrojejunostomy, resulting in duodenal distention, pain, and nausea following ingestion of food.

af·fer·ent loop syn·drome

chronic obstruction of the duodenum and jejunum proximal to the gastrojejunostomy performed in a Billroth II-type gastrectomy; the distended afferent loop of jejunum and duodenum causes symptoms of pain and fullness associated with food ingestion; weight loss is common.

Afferent Loop Syndrome

A type of postgastrectomy syndrome, caused by partial or complete obstruction of the proximal portion (loop) of a Billroth II anastomosis between the stomach and jejunum. In view of the vast changes in gastric ulcer management, this and other post-gastrectomy syndromes are of increasingly historic interest.
Clinical findings Pain, bloating, abdominal tenderness, with bacterial overgrowth, malabsorption.

afferent loop syndrome

Blind loop syndrome A type of postgastrectomy syndrome, caused by partial or complete obstruction of the proximal portion–loop of a Billroth II anastomosis between the stomach and jejunum Clinical Pain, bloating, abdominal tenderness, with bacterial overgrowth and malabsorption

afferent

conducting toward a center or specific site of reference; incoming.

afferent arterioles
branches of the interlobular arteries of the kidney that supply the glomerular capillaries of the renal corpuscle.
afferent loop syndrome
chronic partial obstruction of the proximal loop (duodenum and jejunum) after gastrojejunostomy, resulting in duodenal distention, pain and nausea following ingestion of food.
afferent nerve
any nerve that transmits impulses from the periphery toward the central nervous system. See also neuron, afferent nerve fibers (below).
afferent nerve fibers
nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system carrying information to the brain and spinal cord. Their cell bodies are in ganglia and their telodendria in the central nervous system.
afferent nervous activity
the number of afferent nerve fibers that are activated by the stimulus. This depends on the number of receptive fields that are included in the zone being stimulated.
afferent system
the collective sensory fibers from all parts of the body.