adoption

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adoption

[ədop′shən]
Etymology: L, adoptere, to choose
a selection and inclusion in an established relationship or a choice of treatment protocol.

Adoption

The act of lawfully assuming the parental rights and responsibilities of another person, usually a child under age 18, typically due to infertility; 8,000 babies/year enter the US adoption pool, most from underdeveloped countries; about 2% of children < age 18 in the US are adopted.
Health profile Adoptees comprise 5% of children in psychotherapy, 6–9% of those with learning disabilities, 10–15% of those in residential treatment or psychiatric hospitals.
Medical problems in international adoptees
• Infections Giardia lamblia, Trichuris trichiura, Blastocystis hominis, tuberculosis, HBV, chronic diarrhoea, poor hygiene
• Medical problems Neurologic, haematologic, renal, metabolic
• Psychological Sensory deprivation and/or physical abuse by care-givers
• Nutrition Malnutrition, rickets

adoption

Social medicine The act of lawfully assuming the parental rights and responsibilities of another person, usually a child under the age of 18; the care and nurturing of a child by a non-blood-related adult who assumes the roles, rights, and obligations of a natural parent; 2% of children < age 18–US are adopted–± 1 million. See Cooperative adoption, Designated adoption, Independent adoption, Infant adoption, Informal adoption, Open adoption, Relative adoption, Semiadoption, Simple adoption, Traditional adoption, Transracial adoption, Wrongful adoption, Zygote adoption.

adoption

1. of alien young. Individual dams of all species may adopt strange neonates, and some ewes will even attempt to poach from others, but special measures have to be taken in most cases to foster alien young. Sows are probably the easiest to deceive. Queens will accept foster kittens if they are within about 2 weeks of the age of their own kittens. Reluctant ewes may accept strange lambs only if they are rubbed with secretions from their own.
2. also used in reference to the placing of stray or otherwise unwanted dogs and cats into ownership, as stray animals obtained from an animal shelter.
References in periodicals archive ?
But in Florida, thanks to orange juice pitchwoman Anita Bryant's 1977 "Save the Children" campaign, the Department of Children and Families' adoption forms carry a pair of "yes" and "no" check boxes--page 5, part II, section G--below the statements "I am a homosexual" and "I am a bisexual.
To the Catholic critics of embryo adoption Dana Serrano-Chisolm, executive director of the Women's Resource Network--a California not-for-profit with a goal of reducing the abortion rate--says the leftover embryos should be treated with the same care given to other orphaned children.
INTERRACIAL INTIMACIES: Sex, Marriage, Identity, and Adoption by Randall Kennedy Pantheon Books, $30.
In 1993, the Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption was signed to create an international framework for arranging and formalizing these adoptions and to prevent abuses.
There are many sibling groups waiting to be adopted, and a family that adopts two siblings has two adoptions and may qualify for two exclusions.
Jenny Keating's historiographically sophisticated, deeply researched monograph on the history of adoption in England from 1918 no 1945 is a significant and welcome event.
Irish couples will be able to adopt children from Bulgaria, South Africa and Thailand through administrative agreements being discussed by the Adoption Board under the new Adoption Act, The Irish Times has learned.
As I write this contribution, everyone at BAAF is gearing up for National Adoption Week 2008 on 10-16 November.
3 percent increase in the total number of adoptions, from 119,766 adoptions in 1996 to 151,332 in 2002.
State Department reported that intercountry adoptions by Americans had more than doubled (in the past decade) matched by an increase in private agencies (and individuals) facilitating these adoptions.