adoption


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Related to adoption: open adoption, Adoption Process

adoption

[ədop′shən]
Etymology: L, adoptere, to choose
a selection and inclusion in an established relationship or a choice of treatment protocol.

Adoption

The act of lawfully assuming the parental rights and responsibilities of another person, usually a child under age 18, typically due to infertility; 8,000 babies/year enter the US adoption pool, most from underdeveloped countries; about 2% of children < age 18 in the US are adopted.
Health profile Adoptees comprise 5% of children in psychotherapy, 6–9% of those with learning disabilities, 10–15% of those in residential treatment or psychiatric hospitals.
Medical problems in international adoptees
• Infections Giardia lamblia, Trichuris trichiura, Blastocystis hominis, tuberculosis, HBV, chronic diarrhoea, poor hygiene
• Medical problems Neurologic, haematologic, renal, metabolic
• Psychological Sensory deprivation and/or physical abuse by care-givers
• Nutrition Malnutrition, rickets

adoption

Social medicine The act of lawfully assuming the parental rights and responsibilities of another person, usually a child under the age of 18; the care and nurturing of a child by a non-blood-related adult who assumes the roles, rights, and obligations of a natural parent; 2% of children < age 18–US are adopted–± 1 million. See Cooperative adoption, Designated adoption, Independent adoption, Infant adoption, Informal adoption, Open adoption, Relative adoption, Semiadoption, Simple adoption, Traditional adoption, Transracial adoption, Wrongful adoption, Zygote adoption.

adoption

1. of alien young. Individual dams of all species may adopt strange neonates, and some ewes will even attempt to poach from others, but special measures have to be taken in most cases to foster alien young. Sows are probably the easiest to deceive. Queens will accept foster kittens if they are within about 2 weeks of the age of their own kittens. Reluctant ewes may accept strange lambs only if they are rubbed with secretions from their own.
2. also used in reference to the placing of stray or otherwise unwanted dogs and cats into ownership, as stray animals obtained from an animal shelter.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sjoren, "A Ghost in My Own Country," Adoption and Fostering 20, 2 (1996) pp.
When their EasyTech program failed to make one state's adoption list, some data digging revealed that most of the reviewers had never even logged in to the program.
The current Newcastle Adoption Service has 62 children on the adoption register, children who are waiting for a new family to call their own.
None of the responding companies said they planned to issue an 8-K or press release to disclose their intent to defer adoption of FIN 46, and only one company said such a deferral would be a surprise to its investors, based on the company's prior disclosures.
To the Catholic critics of embryo adoption Dana Serrano-Chisolm, executive director of the Women's Resource Network--a California not-for-profit with a goal of reducing the abortion rate--says the leftover embryos should be treated with the same care given to other orphaned children.
He applies this perspective most explicitly to his long discussion of current interracial adoption policies.
As of April 2006, 78,960 children in California were waiting for homes in foster care systems, many eligible for adoption.
2005-31 provides separate safe harbors for the finality of the adoption and the tax year of finality.
But in the "global economy of adoption," she asserts, Black babies are not hot commodities.
Justice Taliano viewed the Society's plan as no more than "statistical projections" based on past experience and offered no real evidence that a suitable match for adoption of these children was actually available.
Gabbin portrays an honest, caring relationship between mother and daughter that allows readers to see the mutually beneficial aspects of adoption when love is front and center.
hosted by the Congressional Coalition on Adoption Institute.