adjustment disorder


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adjustment

 [ah-just´ment]
the changing of something to improve its relationship to something else.
adjustment disorder a mental disorder characterized by a maladaptive reaction to identifiable stressful life events, such as divorce, loss of job, physical illness, or natural disaster; this diagnosis assumes that the condition will remit when the stress ceases or when the patient adapts to the situation. Called also adjustment reaction.
impaired adjustment a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as inability to modify lifestyle or behavior in a manner consistent with a change in health status.

adjustment disorder

Etymology: L, adjuxtare, to bring together
a temporary disorder of varying severity that occurs as an acute reaction to overwhelming stress in persons of any age who have no apparent underlying mental disorders. Symptoms include anxiety, withdrawal, depression, impulsive outbursts, crying spells, attention-seeking behavior, enuresis, loss of appetite, aches, pains, and muscle spasms. It can be persistent if symptoms continue for six months or more. It can develop in response to an identifiable stressor and result from situations such as separation of an infant from its mother, the birth of a sibling, loss or change of job, death of a loved one, or forced retirement. Symptoms usually recede and eventually disappear as stress diminishes. See also anxiety disorder.

Adjustment Disorder

A constellation of extreme reactions seen in adolescents, in response to social (and familial) demands to establish personal identity and independence from family.

adjustment disorder

Child psychiatry A constellation of extreme reactions in adolescents to social demands for establishing personal identity and independence from family

ad·just·ment dis·order

(ă-jŭst'mĕnt dis-ōr'dĕr)
1. A class of mental and behavioral disorders in which the development of symptoms is related to the presence of some environmental stressor or life event and is expected to remit when the stress ceases.
2. A disorder the essential feature of which is a maladaptive reaction to an identifiable psychological stress, or stressors, which occurs within weeks of the onset of the stressors and persists for up to 6 months.

Adjustment disorder

A disorder defined by the development of significant emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to a stressful event or series of events within the normal range of human experience.
References in periodicals archive ?
Selection of psychotherapeutic treatment for adjustment disorder with depressive mood due to acute myocardial infarction.
DSM-IV-TR Prevalence of Mood, Psychotic, Adjustment, and Childhood Disorder Diagnoses According to Gender Disorder Prevalence Bipolar I disorder F = M Bipolar II disorder F > M Major depressive disorder F > M Dysthymic disorder F > M Schizophrenia M > F Adjustment disorder F > M Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder M > F Conduct disorder M > F Oppositional defiant disorder M > F Substance-related disorder M > F F denotes female; M denotes male.
For our purposes, a psychiatrist grouped the numerous specific diagnoses of mental illness contained in BCLHD data into nine distinct classes of illness: 1) alcohol/substance abuse, 2) delirium, 3) psychoses, 4) mood disorders, 5) anxiety disorders, 6) adjustment disorders, 7) dementia, 8) conditions needing counseling (e.
The least common illnesses indicated in the survey were alcohol or drug dependence (5 cases) and adjustment disorder (4 cases).
On Crown Princess Masako, who is undergoing treatment for an adjustment disorder and did not accompany her husband on the weeklong trip, the crown prince said in his comment issued through the agency that he thanks everyone he met in Vietnam who offered well wishes and words of encouragement to her.
She was diagnosed with an adjustment disorder in July 2004.
Other diagnosable conditions include dysthymia, a more chronic condition, and adjustment disorder, a reaction to some major change in the patient's life.
Student Health Service) and contributors provide primary care physicians with background information to assist them in diagnosing adjustment disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and substance-induced anxiety disorder.
The psychiatric diagnosis of adjustment disorder is, however, still the commonest diagnosis encountered in the context of chronic illness in adolescence.
3 Adjustment Disorders Adjustment disorder with mixed disturbance of 1 .
Under court-ordered psychiatric examinations, the student was diagnosed as showing signs of adjustment disorder stemming from unmanageable stress caused by his mother.
They may be told by someone who lacks expertise they are experiencing an adjustment disorder, and just need more sleep.