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the changing of something to improve its relationship to something else.
adjustment disorder a mental disorder characterized by a maladaptive reaction to identifiable stressful life events, such as divorce, loss of job, physical illness, or natural disaster; this diagnosis assumes that the condition will remit when the stress ceases or when the patient adapts to the situation. Called also adjustment reaction.
impaired adjustment a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as inability to modify lifestyle or behavior in a manner consistent with a change in health status.
Etymology: L, adjuxtare, to bring together
a temporary disorder of varying severity that occurs as an acute reaction to overwhelming stress in persons of any age who have no apparent underlying mental disorders. Symptoms include anxiety, withdrawal, depression, impulsive outbursts, crying spells, attention-seeking behavior, enuresis, loss of appetite, aches, pains, and muscle spasms. It can be persistent if symptoms continue for six months or more. It can develop in response to an identifiable stressor and result from situations such as separation of an infant from its mother, the birth of a sibling, loss or change of job, death of a loved one, or forced retirement. Symptoms usually recede and eventually disappear as stress diminishes. See also anxiety disorder.
Adjustment DisorderA constellation of extreme reactions seen in adolescents, in response to social (and familial) demands to establish personal identity and independence from family.
adjustment disorderChild psychiatry A constellation of extreme reactions in adolescents to social demands for establishing personal identity and independence from family
ad·just·ment dis·order(ă-jŭst'mĕnt dis-ōr'dĕr)
1. A class of mental and behavioral disorders in which the development of symptoms is related to the presence of some environmental stressor or life event and is expected to remit when the stress ceases.
2. A disorder the essential feature of which is a maladaptive reaction to an identifiable psychological stress, or stressors, which occurs within weeks of the onset of the stressors and persists for up to 6 months.
A disorder defined by the development of significant emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to a stressful event or series of events within the normal range of human experience.
Mentioned in: General Adaptation Syndrome