adipocyte


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Related to adipocyte: reticular fiber

adipocyte

 [ad´ĭ-po-sīt″]
fat cell.

fat cell

a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.

adipocyte

/ad·i·po·cyte/ (-sīt″) fat cell.

adipocyte

(ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

adipocyte

[ad′ipōsīt′]
a fat (adipose) cell, potentially containing a large fat vacuole consisting mainly of triglycerides.

Adipocyte

A generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.

fat cell

(fat sel)
A connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
Synonym(s): adipocyte, adipose cell.

adipocyte

A fat cell. A cell that synthesizes and stores neutral fats (triacylglycerols or TRIGLYCERIDES). Human fat is a liquid at body temperature, so adipocytes are normally filled with oil. Adipocytes develop from adipoblasts, which derive from fibroblasts.

adipocyte

a cell specialized for the storage of fat; the fat is stored in a large cytoplasmic vesicle.

embryonic adipocyte
develop in the subcutis during the second half of pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this study, we reported a new method by 'gently' digesting the fat tissue to produce viable adipocytes, progenitors, and stromal stem cells using collagenase I digestion and centrifugation.
Besides osteoblasts, mesenchymal stem cells can also differentiate into the chondrocyte cells that make cartilage, the myocyte cells that help form muscles and the adipocytes, or fat cells.
Adipocyte fetuin-A contributes to macrophage migration into adipose tissue and polarization of macrophages.
The extent of adipocyte differentiation was evaluated by quantifying the accumulated lipid droplets in 3T3-L1 cells after they have been stained with oil red-O dye.
This triterpene induces a decrease in triglyceride content and lipid droplets in cells, and inhibited adipocyte differentiation by suppressing PPAR[gamma] and aP2 at 100 [micro]M after 8 days of treatment (Ahn et al.
The proposed mechanisms that regulate Acrp30 expression by PPAR-[gamma] agonists involves a reduction in triglyceride amounts within the muscle and liver cells as well as preventing adipocyte hypertrophy [63].
The origin of the beige adipocyte is complex; some beige adipocytes arise in epididymal white fat from precursors that express platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha PDGFRa, cD34, and spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) proteins [29-34].
75 [micro]g adipocyte homogenate was applied directly to a nondenaturing 10% polyacrylamide gel.
This action proceeded via down-regulating adipocyte specific transcription factors, enzymes and genes that modulate mitochondrial function.
They found that the risk version activated a major control region in adipocyte progenitor cells, which turned on two distant genes, IRX3 and IRX5.
Whereas the functional involvements of white adipocytes in human metabolic diseases have been studied for decades, how thermogenic fat cells may influence whole body metabolism in human remains elusive.
Induction of Adipocyte complement related protein of 30 KD by PPAR-y agonists.