adipocyte


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Related to adipocyte: reticular fiber

adipocyte

 [ad´ĭ-po-sīt″]
fat cell.

fat cell

a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.

adipocyte

/ad·i·po·cyte/ (-sīt″) fat cell.

adipocyte

(ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

adipocyte

[ad′ipōsīt′]
a fat (adipose) cell, potentially containing a large fat vacuole consisting mainly of triglycerides.

Adipocyte

A generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.

fat cell

(fat sel)
A connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
Synonym(s): adipocyte, adipose cell.

adipocyte

A fat cell. A cell that synthesizes and stores neutral fats (triacylglycerols or TRIGLYCERIDES). Human fat is a liquid at body temperature, so adipocytes are normally filled with oil. Adipocytes develop from adipoblasts, which derive from fibroblasts.

adipocyte

a cell specialized for the storage of fat; the fat is stored in a large cytoplasmic vesicle.

embryonic adipocyte
develop in the subcutis during the second half of pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adipocyte marker C/EBP[beta] was detected from differentiated adhesive cells, but GFP expression was undetectable on day 26.
This action proceeded via down-regulating adipocyte specific transcription factors, enzymes and genes that modulate mitochondrial function.
In primary adipose cells from either risk or non-risk individuals, altering the expression of either IRX3 or IRX5 switched between energy-storing white adipocyte functions and energy-burning beige adipocyte functions.
Adipocyte size is an important determinant of adipocyte function and metabolic activity, irrespective of obesity level.
During the cold exposure, the mice formed brown adipocytes in their white fat depots - a process called "britening".
Compared with controls, offspring of mice exposed prenatally to TBT (F2) and their descendants (F3) exhibited increased adipose depot weight, larger adipocyte size, increased adipocyte number, and biased cell fate in the MSC compartment to favor the adipocyte lineage at the expense of the bone lineage.
The result showed that the EnSCs in presence of adipogenic-inducing medium obtained an adipocyte fate 28 days PT.
As adipocytes accumulate excess lipid, they start to degenerate and their normal function is distorted.
Unger has suggested that the lipotoxicity associated with "ectopic" accumulation of fat is greatly increased when the synthesis and secretion of the adipocyte hormone leptin is inadequate to meet the challenge of increased flow of fatty acids from the periphery or the gut.
Leptin, which is expressed primarily by adipocytes, is being investigated specifically as a risk factor for colon cancer.
Control of adipocyte differentiation", Biochem J 309, 697-710 (1995).
Fat creation is a two-step process whereby a mesenchymal cell first becomes a pre-adipocyte cell and then differentiates into a lipid-filled adipocyte, or fat cell.