(Spirituall), Adhibhautika (Physical) and Adhidaivika (Mental).
There were six winners this year: Khoshtinat from Iran; Adhyatmika
from Indonesia; Joel Marsden from Spain; Juan Pablo Patino Arevalo from Colombia; Anup Poudel from Nepal; and Yared Shumete from Ethiopia.
According to the philosophical traditions, there are three types of sufferings: Adhyatmika
, the sufferings of one's own body and mind; Adi-bhautika, the suffering due to other living beings; and Adi-daivika, the sufferings due to supernatural agencies (14).
adhibhautika (empirical), adhidaivika (psychic) and adhyatmika
As envisioned in the model, communication is broader enough to deal with all of the three dimensions of life: adhibhautika (physical or mundane), adhidaivika (mental), and adhyatmika (spiritual).
Though the four goals encompass all of the three dimensions--adhibhautika (physical or mundane), adhidaivika (mental), and adhyatmika (spiritual)--in orthodox Hindu life "[t]he spiritual motive dominates" (Radhakrishnan, 2004a, p.
According to this model, when taken in the adhyatmika context, communication is the process of moksha-attainment (Adhikary, 2009).
For they explicitly raise the possibility of the Advaitan's interiorizing or adhyatmika reading of the JU and other relevant passages, and explicitly reject it or decenter it.
Nagoji Bhatta, similarly, presents the adhyatmika meaning of the JU passage and then turns it back to the more concrete meaning.
The commentators on the JU, Narayana and Sankarananda, do mention that there are such places as Kuruksetra and Avimukta known in the world from the Puranas, but that is merely an abhibhautika understanding, and not of interest in the JU's discussion, which is to reveal the adhyatmika.