adenylate kinase


Also found in: Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

a·den·y·late ki·nase

adenylic acid kinase; a phosphotransferase that catalyzes the reversible phosphorylation of a molecule of ADP by MgADP, yielding MgATP and AMP.

adenylate kinase

/aden·yl·ate ki·nase/ (ki´nās) an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of two molecules of ADP to AMP and ATP; it occurs predominantly in muscle, providing energy for muscle contraction.

adenylate kinase

an enzyme in skeletal muscle that makes possible the reaction ATP + AMP = 2ADP. Also called myokinase.

Adenylate Kinase

A phosphotransferase that catalyses the reaction ATP + AMP = 2 ADP in red cells and muscle and plays a critical role in intracellular energy homeostasis.
Human genes encoding adenylate kinases AK1, AK2, AK3, AK5, AK3L1, CMPK1, CMPK2.

a·den·y·late ki·nase

(ă-den'i-lāt kī'nās)
Adenylic acid kinase; a phosphotransferase that catalyzes the reversible phosphorylation of a molecule of ADP by MgADP, yielding MgATP and AMP.

adenylate kinase

an ENZYME that catalyses the transfer of a PHOSPHATE group from adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to adenosine monophosphate (AMP) to produce two molecules of adenosine diphosphate (ADP). The enzyme can also generate ATP (and AMP) from 2ADP by the reverse reaction:

adenylate

a salt, anion or ester of adenylic acid.

adenylate cyclase
an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and inorganic pyrophosphate. It is activated by the attachment of a hormone or neurotransmitter to a specific membrane-bound receptor.
adenylate kinase
enzyme catalyzing the conversion of two moles of ADP to ATP and AMP, thereby equilibrating ADP with ATP and AMP. Controls the adenylate energy charge of a cell, particularly muscle cells. Called also myokinase.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adenylate kinase locus 1 genetic polymorphism and type 2 diabetes.
Phospho-Creatine Circuit: Integration of Adenylate Kinase, Glycolytic and Glycogenolytic Circuits in Cellular Energetics
Based at the UK Government's Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) at Porton Down, Alaska's team of world class scientists has exploited patented Adenylate Kinase (AK) Phage[TM] technology to develop the highly sensitive and specific fastrAK[TM] rapid assay system.
We studied the inhibition of creatine kinase and adenylate kinase by AMP and established a convenient AMP concentration.