adenylate


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Related to adenylate: adenylate cyclase, adenylic acid

adenylate

 [ah-den´ĭ-lāt]
a salt, anion, or ester of adenylic acid.

a·den·y·late

(a-den'i-lāt),
Salt or ester of adenylic acid.

adenylate

/aden·yl·ate/ (ah-den´ĭ-lāt) the dissociated form of adenylic acid.

adenylate

[əden′ilāt]
a salt or ester of adenylic acid.

a·den·y·late

(ă-den'i-lāt)
Salt or ester of adenylic acid.

adenylate

a salt, anion or ester of adenylic acid.

adenylate cyclase
an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and inorganic pyrophosphate. It is activated by the attachment of a hormone or neurotransmitter to a specific membrane-bound receptor.
adenylate kinase
enzyme catalyzing the conversion of two moles of ADP to ATP and AMP, thereby equilibrating ADP with ATP and AMP. Controls the adenylate energy charge of a cell, particularly muscle cells. Called also myokinase.
References in periodicals archive ?
79) 3 -- -- Abbreviations: AK, adenylate kinase; CYP, cytochrome P450; PE, post- exposure; THS, tobacco heating system Tab.
In the presence of SQ 22536 (inhibitors of cyclic adenylate cyclase), no modification of the pharmacological response was observed in SHR and WKY animals (Fig.
11,12 Caffeine becomes agonist of adenylate cyclase (route C) through inhibition on the activity of phosphodiesterase, which affects on the bone.
VIP inhibits HC proliferation by eliciting signal transduction through one of its G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR), designated vasoactive pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide receptor 1 (VPAC1).
Reperfusion is characterized by an early and a late phase, during which, due to reduced adenylate cyclase activity and intracellular cAMP levels, free radicals, such as ROS, are generated [4], and the mechanisms of cell death are triggered.
Booth and colleagues suggest that the delayed fatigue may be due to loss of adenine nucleotides needed to make ATP that occurs during the adenylate kinase reaction.
Scientists working at the HPA experimented with an enzyme known as Thermostable Adenylate Kinase (abbreviated to TAK).
1 The anthrax bacillus takes effect in the tissue with two significant enzymes: The lethal factor (endopeptidase) causing cell damage and adenylate cyclase responsible for oedema.