adenylate


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Related to adenylate: adenylate cyclase, adenylic acid

adenylate

 [ah-den´ĭ-lāt]
a salt, anion, or ester of adenylic acid.

a·den·y·late

(a-den'i-lāt),
Salt or ester of adenylic acid.

adenylate

/aden·yl·ate/ (ah-den´ĭ-lāt) the dissociated form of adenylic acid.

adenylate

[əden′ilāt]
a salt or ester of adenylic acid.

a·den·y·late

(ă-den'i-lāt)
Salt or ester of adenylic acid.

adenylate

a salt, anion or ester of adenylic acid.

adenylate cyclase
an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and inorganic pyrophosphate. It is activated by the attachment of a hormone or neurotransmitter to a specific membrane-bound receptor.
adenylate kinase
enzyme catalyzing the conversion of two moles of ADP to ATP and AMP, thereby equilibrating ADP with ATP and AMP. Controls the adenylate energy charge of a cell, particularly muscle cells. Called also myokinase.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yeast lacking adenylate cyclase -- the enzyme that makes cyclic AMP, a small regulatory molecule--cannot begin cell division.
pertussis pertactin, pertussis toxin, fimbriae 2 and 3, adenylate cyclase toxin, and filamentous hemagglutinin recognized few, if any, proteins from multiple B.
The two-hour ReACT test is being used as a follow-up to Celsis' AKuScreen test (an adenylate kinase (AK)-based assay that generates definitive microbiological test results in less than 24 hours), which P&G, Unilever and others currently use as a primary screen for the release of their products.
Work with pigeons (Columba livia) found no evidence of neuronal degeneration of crop innervation or blockade of calcium influx and instead suggested a disturbance in cholinergic transmission at the level of the circular smooth muscle, possibly caused by stimulation of adenylate cyclase activity and increased intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels.
chronic stimulation of adenylate cyclase, as in hyperparathyroidism;
2+], ammonia, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), adenylate kinase (AK) and AST or much lower (e.
It is known that histamine acts through H2 receptors of lymphocytes, activates adenylate cyclase, increases the intracellular level of cAMP.
We further demonstrated that G proteins, adenylate cyclase and protein kinase A were required for the increased neuronal excitability.
In the rat testis, LH binds to Leydig cell receptors and initiates the activation of adenylate cyclase, resulting in an attendant increase in cAMP production.
Sulfide effects on Thalassia testudinum carbon balanace and adenylate energy charge.
The hormone, called PACAP (pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide), is known to act throughout the body and the brain, modulating central nervous system activity, metabolism, blood pressure, pain sensitivity, and immune function.